Applied sciences

Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury Oddziału Polskiej Akademii Nauk w Krakowie

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Teka Komisji Urbanistyki i Architektury Oddziału Polskiej Akademii Nauk w Krakowie | 2015 | XLIII |

Abstract

Renesans w Polsce, „Odrodzenie” to złoty wiek kultury polskiej, to czasy króla Zygmunta I Starego, patrona wielu artystów, który zatrudnił architekta Bartolomeo Berrecci z Florencji, do czasu panowania syna, króla Zygmunta Augusta, następnie do czasów króla Stefana Batorego i kanclerza Jana Zamoyskiego. Wówczas Miasto Zamość zostało zaplanowane na prawach i na wzorach włoskich miast handlowych, słynnej renesansowej koncepcji miasta idealnego „città ideale” w określonej sytuacji.

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Abstract

Conservation of the Old Town Zamość began to realize almost a hundred years ago. Then the eminent preachers of culture in the early period. 20.year inter-made idea of restoring the prestige of the works of Polish culture. The idea of protecting national cultural heritage grew gradually until such time as the first scientific research, development of standards and principles of care and maintenance. Today Zamość was inscribed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage. Many things made, much remains to be done.

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Abstract

Conservation of the Old Town Zamość began to realize almost a hundred years ago. Then the eminent preachers of culture in the early period. 20.year inter-made idea of restoring the prestige of the works of Polish culture. The idea of protecting national cultural heritage grew gradually until such time as the first scientific research, development of standards and principles of care and maintenance. Today Zamość was inscribed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage. Many things made, much remains to be done.

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Abstract

While considering the anthropological and sociological aspects of development of the historic city of Zamość , it is necessary to mention the elements of its residents’ life that brought intellectual values in the cultural space of the city entered in 1992 into the List of World Cultural Heritage. The paper has recalled a unique meeting place of the Zamość intelligentsia in the years 1957–2003 – the Ratuszowa café. It was located in the very heart of the city, in the Zamość Town Hall. The paper proves that it was not only a place of careless entertainment but of creative debate and work. It has also evoked memories of the “café life” and regular visitors to coffeehouses in Lviv, Krakow and Warsaw

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Abstract

The everyday life of residents of the big and small towns and villages is still in the centre of the permanent interests not only of scientific circles but also of local communities understood in the broadest sense. Being an important trade and academic centre of the Polish Republic of several cultures and confessions, the 17th-century town of Zamość is also an interesting subject of researches of various aspects of everyday life. In spite of the existence of many early elaborations, the problem in question still needs to be studied. Undertaking an attempt of making a reconstruction of fragments of the baroque Zamość ’ residents’ colourful everyday life, the author concentrates particularly on such aspects as ceremonies of the guilds or residents’ participation in religious ceremonies. He also analyzes daily squabbles and quarrels, attemps of their mitigations, minor and serious offenses, court judgments as well as ways of punishments. Since rumours indicating how information shaping a public opin- ion is spread, they seem to be an important element of everyday life too. A special place is also reserved for an entertainment; for it not only accompanies residents at different stages of their professional and social activities but also brings all of their affairs to an end. The article is based on a driary written in 1656–72 by Bazyli Rudomicz, a Zamość townsman and Professor of the Zamość Academy, and on other sources.

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Abstract

Applying the commonly accepted definitions of identity to landscape as our field of research, in particular landscape in protected areas, we assume that identity is the deepest relationship with the landscape (surroundings) perceived by man, with its historical layers of content (the culture and tradition of a place) and form (the canon of a place). An evaluation of change in time should be the keynote of deliberations on place identity. Basing on the current status of research, a review of specialist literature and the author’s experience to date, the above definitions and terms may be referenced to talk about “former” and “new” place identity, especially if we acquiesce to what is termed “the culture of a place” that originates in love for it and willingness to participate in the act of creation that has been launched upon the site. Author tries to explain this fenomenom on example of revitalization, on scale of conntry or even the Europe – the cultural – strategic landscape od Zamość Fortress.

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Abstract

When Zamość was being built the Fortress was in a close connection with the geometry of view. This was reflected both in the utilitarian and aesthetic sphere and concerned the urban scale as well as the scale of long exposure. The visual study conducted within the Study of the shaping of postfortress areas of Zamość Fortress allowed for assessing the contemporary state of exposure and for identification of the correction opportunities. The effect of the study has become the essential element of the design concept in both the compositional and in the part related to the tourist access.

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Abstract

The article raises the issue of zoning of the central area of Zamosc based on downtown unrealized projects. It also explains the genesis of the formation of its range and the spatial layout, which affected the functioning of nineteenth-century fortress. As early as 1804. Entailer Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski planned to demolish the decaying fortifications and sell strip of land fortress for development. Change the situation on the political arena of Europe made Zamosc under Tsarist Russia became a fortress – a closed town, where civilian activity have been pushed to the back burner and separated from the historical center of strategic cordoned off the circuit. It was not until 24 years after the dissolution of the fortress, in 1880. returned to the development concept of post-fortress area in connection with the planned development of the city, but this met with opposition the military commission – the owner of the land. After regaining independence, the magistrate put forward ambitious building projects realization in the esplanade of the formerly fortress, which this time met with the resistance of the military commissions. As a result of the conversion of disputed land in the late 30’s the post-fortress area was possible to invest. An example was enacted in 1939, pioneering in many respects, zoning plan Zamosc by Władyslaw Wieczorkiewicza and Jan Zachwatowicz in which the authors called for implementation of the downtown on the basis of a linear array of bifocal between the old town (Stare Miasto) and the Nowa Osada suburb.

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Abstract

Uzasadnieniem dla tak sformułowanego tytułu jest dynamika przemian zachodzących we współczesnej kreacji architektonicznej, której wyrazem są formy niedające się jednoznacznie przyporządkować – zlokalizowane na pograniczu dyscyplin, kontestujące dotychczasowe granice. Głównym przesłaniem pracy jest stwierdzenie, że transgresja w architekturze otwiera nowe możliwości dla działalności architektonicznej. Prowokuje do redefinicji pojęcia architektury oraz roli architekta. To naczelne założenie zainspirowane zosta ło współczesnymi praktykami architektonicznymi, a także ostatnio wydanymi publikacjami podejmującymi problematykę transgresji w architekturze, (np. The Architecture of Transgression, wydaną w ramach prestiżowego czasopisma AD –Architectural Design). Artykuł w zamierzeniu ma skłaniać do refleksji, a co istotniejsze, ma inspirować do dyskusji nad zagadnieniem transgresji we współczesnej działalności architektonicznej.

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Abstract

The main issue of this article are eco-bridges, pedestrian-friendly imaginary sites (enclave) of greenery in urban tissues. Discussed cases include the implementations of projects such as: the High Line in New York and the Garden Bridge in London. The main theme of the article is to compare the green bridges in the urban tissue embedded with “living root bridges”. The author of the article highlights the potential limits for “living root bridges” in the urban tissue, resulting from the climate, time of their creation and limits of urban space. She also notes the strong tendency to create green areas in the “concrete” urban structure, but also the use of artificial materials in tissue of “living root bridges”.

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Abstract

The article connects two issues: the city as text and neoclassical trends in urban design in the second half of the 20th century. These issues are presented on the examples of ideal cities: Washington 2000 – a design of Leon Krier, Nowa Huta and the residential complex of Ricardo Bofill in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. As a continuation of the ideal European city Shanghainese Lingang is presented designed by GMP.

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Editorial office

Redaktor naczelny
Prof. dr hab. inż. arch. Wojciech Kosiński
wkosinski@poczta.onet.pl

Sekretarz Redakcji
Dr inż. arch., arch. krajobrazu Miłosz Zieliński
mzielinski@pk.edu.pl

Redaktorki
Dr hab. inż. arch. Agata Zachariasz Prof. PK
Dr inż. arch. Izabela Sykta

Redaktor
Mgr inż. arch. krajobrazu Jacek Konopacki

 

Contact

Dane kontaktowe redakcji:
Instytut Architektury Krajobrazu
Politechnika Krakowska
ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków
e-mail: mzielinski@pk.edu.pl

Adres wydawcy:
Polska Akademia Nauk
plac Defilad 1
00-901 Warszawa
mazowieckie Poland
e-mail: krakow@pan.pl
tel 12 356 23 00

 

Instructions for authors

Na łamach czasopisma publikowane są przede wszystkim artykuły z zakresu architektury, urbanistyki, planowania przestrzennego, architektury krajobrazu, konserwacji zabytków ale także z dziedzin pokrewnych oraz prace w ujęciu interdyscyplinarnym.

Czasopismo znajduje się na ministerialnej liście czasopism punktowanych (5 pkt), (po ewaluacji z 2015 roku, utrzymanej w 2016, 2017 i 2018)

Wskaźnik Index Copernicus ICV 2016 wynosi 67.61

Od tomu 2017 artykuły publikowane w roczniku indeksowane są w bazie Emerging Sources Citation Index

Rocznik indeksowany jest w bazach:

ARIANTA

BazTech

CEON

ICI Journals Master List

Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection’s Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)

Instrukcje dla autorów: http://teka.pk.edu.pl/index.php/dla-autorow/

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