The paper is dedicated to the names of associations from the period of
the Second Polish Republic, taken from a publication which is a guide to
the rich and differentiated world of the social organizations of the
The introduction is devoted to the state of Polish linguistic research
into the names of organizations. The description of the collected
material is based on the concept of social chrematonymy by Artur
Next, the names are investigated from both a structural and a semantic
perspective. The following elements are regarded as distinct qualities
of the naming structures: descriptive character, multicomponent
structure, development of right-sided attributives, insignificant share
of names with a separate distinctive element, including some other types
of proper names as components (toponyms, anthroponyms, names of
historical events). Also, lexemes in the function of the main component
of the analysed structures — nouns having the semantic value of
‘formalized group of people’ – have been presented.
When analysing the semantic aspect of names of organizations more
closely, the author indicates the most frequently exposed bases of
community feeling of members. Those could be: common experience, social
and professional status, the purpose of activity, gender, generation,
religious identity, nationality, ideology, place of activity or founding
an organization. In the majority of names, various elements of community
feeling are combined.
Finally, attention is paid to the tremendous informative value present
in the names of associations, connected with their descriptive quality.
The close link between socioideonyms and the reality they are connected
with means that they are bearers of various historical-cultural contents.
Therefore, the names of associations, especially historical ones, might
be an interesting object of culture-oriented linguistic studies.