Nauki Techniczne

Archive of Mechanical Engineering


Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2010 | vol. 57 | No 3 |


This paper presents selected applications of the miniaturized hydraulic components offered by specialized manufacturers and some results of the authors' own research on microflows, including results of hydraulic microfeeder vibration measurements performed by the touchless method using a laser vibrometer. The latter was chosen in order to eliminate measuring instrument influence on the investigated microhydraulic object. Special attention was focused on acoustic problems: noise sources and methods of noise reduction.

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A numerical analysis of the initially clamped bolt joint subject to the working pressure is presented in the paper. Special, hexahedral 21- and 28-node isoparametric finite elements have been employed to model the contact zone. In this model, one takes into account loading due to the working pressure in the gap between the gasket and the flange arising as an effect of the progressing joint opening, what has not been considered in recent papers. Nonlinear stiffness characteristics of the bolt and the flange with the gasket are developed. Working pressure corresponding to the critical bolt force resulting in the joint leakage (complete opening between the gasket and the flange) is determined. FE computational results are compared with the available experimental results. The numerical results are presented using the authors' own graphical postprocessor.

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This study presents a possibility of detecting wear of a valve plate in multi-piston axial pump based on time-frequency analysis of measured signals. Short-time Fourier transform STFT and the generalized Wigner-Ville algorithm WVD were used for this purpose. The tests were carried out on a multi-piston axial pump with swinging plate, in which the worn valve plates were mounted. Valve plate wear was related with the formation of flow micro-channels between the pump suction hole and its pumping hole on the plate transition zone surface. The developed channels initiate flow of the operational fluid, the results of which is lack of leak-tightness between suction and pumping zones, associated with a decrease in operational pressure and drop in general efficiency.

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Casting porosity is the main factor influencing the fatigue properties of Al-Si alloys. Due to the increasing use of aluminum castings, porosity characterization is useful for estimating their fatigue strength. In principle, a combination of metallographic techniques and statistical pore analysis is a suitable approach for predicting the largest defect size that is critical for the casting. Here, the influence of modifiers and casting technology on the largest pore size population in AlSi7Mg alloy specimens is obtained and discussed adopting the Murakami's approach. However, porosity evaluation is a challenge in the case of microshrinkage pores, which are frequently found in industrial castings. Their complicated morphology prevents a reliable definition of an equivalent defect size based on metallographic techniques. This contribution reports the application of X-ray tomography to the 3D reconstruction of real pores in cast Al-Si alloys and provides insight into the complication of microshrinkage pore sizing by metallography.

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Presented in this paper are results of an experimental investigation on the rivet flexibility and load transmission in a riveted lap joint representative for the aircraft fuselage. The test specimens consisted of two aluminium alloy Alclad sheets joined with 3 rows of rivets. Two different squeeze forces were applied to install the rivets. Rivet flexibility measurements have been performed under constant amplitude fatigue loading using several methods including two original optical techniques developed by the present authors. The axial tractions in the sheets required to determine the rivet flexibility have been derived from strain gauge measurements. In order to eliminate the effect of secondary bending the strain gauges have been bonded at the same locations on the outside and faying surface of the sheet. The experiments enabled an evaluation of the usefulness of various techniques to determine the rivet flexibility. It was observed that, although the measured flexibility was identical for both end rivet rows, the load transfer through either of these rows was different. Previous experimental results by the present authors suggest that behind the non-symmetrical load transfer distribution through the joint are large differences between the rivet hole expansion in the sheet adjacent to the driven rivet head and the sheet under the manufactured head [1]. It has been concluded that commonly used computation procedures according to which the load transfer is only related to the rivet flexibility may lead to erroneous results.

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The paper presents a novel method for the 3D shaping of different materials using a high-pressure abrasive water jet and a flat target image. For steering the process of movement of the jet, a principle similar to raster image way of record and readout was used. However, respective colors of pixels in such a bitmap are connected with adequate jet feed rate that causes erosion of material with adequate depth. Thanks to that innovation, one can observe spatial imaging of the object. Theoretical basis as well as spatial model of material shaping and experimental stand including steering program are presented in the paper. There are also presented methodic and some experimental erosion results, as well as practical example of object's bas-relief made of metal.

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Prof. Janusz Frączek, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland


Editorial Board

Prof. Krzysztof Arczewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Janusz T. Cieśliński, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Antonio Delgado, LSTM University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany

Prof. Peter Eberhard, University of Stuttgart, Germany

Prof. Jerzy Maciej Floryan, The University of Western Ontario, Canada

Prof. Tadeusz Ryszard Fodemski, Technical University of Lodz, Poland

Prof. Zenon Mróz, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Prof. Andrzej J. Nowak, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Dr. Andrzej F. Nowakowski, The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Prof. Jerzy Sąsiadek, Carleton University, Canada

Prof. Jacek Szumbarski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Tomasz Wiśniewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Günter Wozniak, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany


Assistant to the Editor

Małgorzata Broszkiewicz, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland


Editorial Advisory Board

Prof. Alberto Carpinteri, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

Prof. Fernand Ellyin, University of Alberta, Canada

Prof. Feng Gao, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, P.R. China

Prof. Emmanuel E. Gdoutos, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Prof. Gregory Glinka, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Prof. Andrius Marcinkevicius, Vilnius Gedeminas Technical University, Lithuania

Prof. Manuel José Moreira De Freitas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Portugal

Prof. Andrzej Neimitz, Kielce University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Masateru Ohnami, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan

Prof. Thierry Palin-Luc, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Institut Carnot Arts, France

Prof. Andre Pineau, Centre des Matériaux, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France

Prof. Narayanaswami Ranganathan, LMR, Ecole Polytechnique de l'Université de Tours, France

Prof. Jan Ryś, Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Adelia Sequeira, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal,

Prof. Józef Szala, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Prof. Edmund Wittbrodt, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Jens Wittenburg, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Prof. Stanisław Wojciech, University of Bielsko-Biała, Poland


Language Editor

Lech Śliwa, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Poland




Editorial Office:

Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology

Nowowiejska 24, Room 132, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland

Phone:  (+48) 22 234 7448, fax: (+48) 22 628 25 87,


Instrukcje dla autorów

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an Open Access journal. The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.

Original high quality papers on the following topics are preferred:

  • Mechanics of Solids and Structures,
  • Fluid Dynamics,
  • Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Combustion,
  • Machine Design,
  • Computational Methods in Mechanical Engineering,
  • Robotics, Automation and Control,
  • Mechatronics and Micro-mechanical Systems,
  • Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering,
  • Heat and Power Engineering.

All submissions to the AME should be made electronically via Editorial System - an online submission and peer review system at:

More detailed instructions for Authors can be found there.

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