Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering


Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2018 | No 3 |


The paper presents the core design, model development and results of the neutron transport simulations of the large Pressurized Water Reactor based on the AP1000 design. TheSERPENT2.1.29 Monte Carlo reactor physics computer code with ENDF/BVII and JEFF 3.1.1 nuclear data libraries was applied. The full-core 3D models were developed according to the available Design Control Documentation and the literature. Criticality simulations were performed for the core at the Beginning of Life state for Cold Shutdown, Hot Zero Power and Full Power conditions. Selected core parameters were investigated and compared with the design data: effective multiplication factors, boron concentrations, control rod worth, reactivity coefficients and radial power distributions. Acceptable agreement between design data and simulations was obtained, confirming the validity of the model and applied methodology.

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In rotating machineries, misalignment is considered as the second most major cause of failure after unbalance. In this article, model-based multiple fault identification technique is presented to estimate speed-dependent coupling misalignment and bearing dynamic parameters in addition with speed independent residual unbalances. For brevity in analysis, a simple coupled rotor bearing system is considered and analytical approach is used to develop the identification algorithm. Equations of motion in generalized co-ordinates are derived with the help of Lagrange's equation and least squares fitting approach is used to estimate the speed-dependent fault parameters. Present identification algorithm requires independent sets of forced response data which are generated with the help of different sets of trial unbalances. To avoid/suppress the ill-conditioning of regression equation, independent sets of forced response data are obtained by rotating the rotor in clock-wise and counter clock-wise directions, alternatively. Robustness of algorithm is checked for different levels of measurement noise.

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The small number of available complete modern pump characteristics makes the safety analysis of nuclear and conventional power plants based on the characteristics made over half a century ago of specific speeds n_q=24.6, 147.1 and 261.4. The aim of the paper is to check sensitivity of the power plant system response for different complete pump characteristics - modern and available from older tests for n_q=24.6, 147.1 and 261.4. It has been shown that Suter's characteristics for modern pumps give a different response to the pumping system of a power plant in breakdown than those used so far.

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The disposal of ash in a thermal plant through the slurry pipe is subjected to some erosion wear due to the abrasive characteristics of the slurry. A simulation study of particle-liquid erosion of mild steel pipe wall based on CFD-FLUENT that considers the solid-liquid, solid-solid and solid-wall interaction is presented in this work. The multi-phase Euler-Lagrange model with standard k-epsilon turbulence modeling is adopted to predict the particulate erosion wear caused by the flow of bottom ash-water suspension. Erosion rate for different particle size and concentration is evaluated at variable flow rate. It is observed that the pressure drop and erosion rate share direct relationships with flow velocity, particle size and concentration. The flow velocity is found to be the most influencing parameter. A model capable of predicting the erosion wear at variable operating conditions is presented. The simulation findings show good agreement with the published findings.

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This paper presents the design methodology of a small guided bomb for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. This kind of next-generation munition has recently gained a lot of attention in the military market. The bomb is planned to be equipped with inertial measurement unit and infrared seeker. The nose shape and fin optimization procedure was described shortly. Aerodynamic characteristics were calculated by means of theoretical and engineering-level methods. The flight dynamics model of the bomb was obtained and implemented in Simulink software. The numerical simulations of uncontrolled and controlled trajectories were compared. The results indicate that the usage of such a guided small munition, like the designed bomb, might improve significantly the offensive capabilities of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

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An important phenomenon of delta wing is the mechanism of vortex core, which indicates the increase in lifting force until the occurrence of the vortex breakdown. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is very helpful in visualizing and providing analysis of the detailed data. The use of turbulent models will affect the quality of results in obtaining the vortex breakdown phenomenon. This study used several models of turbulence to capture the occurrence of vortex breakdown and compare it with experiments using water tunnel test facility. The results show that all turbulence models give good results at a low angle of attack (AoA), but at a high AoA the DES model gives the results closest to experimental ones with Cl error value of about 1%. Taking into account the time required and the acceptable level of accuracy, the use of SST and k-omega models is an alternative option for use in the detection of vortex breakdown.

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In thermosfluid dynamics, free convection flows external to different geometries, such as cylinders, ellipses, spheres, curved walls, wavy plates, cones, etc., play major role in various industrial and process engineering systems. The thermal buoyancy force associated with natural convection flows can play a~critical role in determining skin friction and heat transfer rates at the boundary. In thermal engineering, natural convection flows from cylindrical bodies has gained exceptional interest. In this article, we mathematically evaluate an entropy analysis of magnetohydrodynamic third-grade convection flows from permeable cylinder considering velocity and thermal slip effects. The resulting non-linear coupled partial differential conservation equations with associated boundary conditions are solved with an efficient unconditionally stable implicit finite difference Keller-Box technique. The impacts of momentum and heat transport coefficients, entropy generation and Bejan number are computed for several values of non-dimensional parameters arising in the flow equations. Streamlines are plotted to analyze the heat transport process in a two-dimensional domain. Furthermore, the deviations of the flow variables are compared with those computed for a Newtonian fluid and this has important implications in industrial thermal material processing operations, aviation technology, different enterprises, energy systems and thermal enhancement of industrial flow processes.

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This paper presents an elasticity solution of adhesive tubular joints in laminated composites, with axial symmetry. In this model, adherends are orthotropic shells and the stacking sequences can be either symmetric or asymmetric. Adhesive layer is homogenous and made of isotropic material. They are modelled as continuously distributed tension/compression and shear springs. Employing constitutive, kinematics and equilibrium equations, sets of differential equations for each inside and outside of overlap zones are obtained. By solving these equations, shear and peel stresses in adhesive layer(s), as well as deflections, stress resultants and moment resultants in the adherends are determined. It is seen that the magnitude of peel stresses due to transverse shear stress resultant is much greater than that obtained from axial stress resultant. The developed results are compared with those obtained by finite element analysis using ANSYS software. The comparisons demonstrate the accuracy and effectiveness of the aforementioned methods.

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Editorial office


Prof. Janusz Frączek, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland


Editorial Board

Prof. Krzysztof Arczewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Janusz T. Cieśliński, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Antonio Delgado, LSTM University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany

Prof. Peter Eberhard, University of Stuttgart, Germany

Prof. Jerzy Maciej Floryan, The University of Western Ontario, Canada

Prof. Tadeusz Ryszard Fodemski, Technical University of Lodz, Poland

Prof. Zenon Mróz, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Prof. Andrzej J. Nowak, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Dr. Andrzej F. Nowakowski, The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Prof. Jerzy Sąsiadek, Carleton University, Canada

Prof. Jacek Szumbarski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Tomasz Wiśniewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Günter Wozniak, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany


Assistant to the Editor

Małgorzata Broszkiewicz, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland


Editorial Advisory Board

Prof. Alberto Carpinteri, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

Prof. Fernand Ellyin, University of Alberta, Canada

Prof. Feng Gao, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, P.R. China

Prof. Emmanuel E. Gdoutos, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Prof. Gregory Glinka, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Prof. Andrius Marcinkevicius, Vilnius Gedeminas Technical University, Lithuania

Prof. Manuel José Moreira De Freitas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Portugal

Prof. Andrzej Neimitz, Kielce University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Masateru Ohnami, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan

Prof. Thierry Palin-Luc, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Institut Carnot Arts, France

Prof. Andre Pineau, Centre des Matériaux, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France

Prof. Narayanaswami Ranganathan, LMR, Ecole Polytechnique de l'Université de Tours, France

Prof. Jan Ryś, Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Adelia Sequeira, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal,

Prof. Józef Szala, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Prof. Edmund Wittbrodt, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Jens Wittenburg, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Prof. Stanisław Wojciech, University of Bielsko-Biała, Poland


Language Editor

Lech Śliwa, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Poland




Editorial Office:

Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology

Nowowiejska 24, Room 132, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland

Phone:  (+48) 22 234 7448, fax: (+48) 22 628 25 87,



Instructions for authors

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.


Submission of papers
The manuscripts must be written in the following formats:


• MS Word either as standard DOCUMENT (.doc, .docx) or RICH TEXT FORMAT (.rtf)

All submissions to the AME must be made electronically via Editorial System – an online submission and peer review system at First-time users must create an Author’s account to obtain a user ID and password required to enter the system. All manuscripts receive individual identification codes that should be used in any correspondence with regard to the publication process. For the authors already registered in Editorial System it is enough to enter their username and password to log in as an author (‘Author Login’ button). Please note that Authors should upload the manuscript using Editorial System as PDF file.

All authors of the manuscript are responsible for its content; they must have agreed to its publication and have given the corresponding author the authority to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication. The corresponding author is responsible for informing the co-authors of the manuscript status throughout the submission, review, and production process.


Length and arrangement
Papers should not exceed in length 25 standard typewritten pages (including tables and figures) with a font size of 11 pt. Authors should consult a recent issue of the journal for style if possible.

Articles should be organized into the following sections:

• List of keywords (separated by commas);

• Title;

• Full Name(s) of Author(s), Affiliation(s), Personal e-mail address(es);

• Abstract;

• Main text,

• Appendix,

• Acknowledgments (if applicable),

• References.

We suggest the title should be as short as possible but still informative. Affiliations should include department, university, city, country and personal e-mail address(es). The corresponding author should be identified – personal e-mail address of the corresponding author is required.

An abstract should accompany every article. It should be a brief summary of significant results of the paper and give concise information about the content of the core idea of the paper. It should be informative and not only present the general scope of the paper, but also indicate the main results and conclusions. An abstract should not exceed 200 words.

Please follow the general rules for writing the main text of the paper:

• use simple and declarative sentences, avoid long sentences, in which the meaning may be lost by complicated construction;

• divide the main text into sections and subsections (if needed the subsections may be divided into paragraphs);

• be concise, avoid idle words;

• make your argumentation complete; use commonly understood terms; define all nonstandard symbols and abbreviations when you introduce them;

• explain all acronyms and abbreviations when they first appear in the text;

• use all units consistently throughout the article;

• be self-critical as you review your drafts.

The authors are advised to use the SI system of units.


You may use line diagrams and photographs to illustrate theses from your text. The figures should be clear, easy to read and of good quality. Styles and fonts should match those in the main body of the article. The figures are preferred in a vector format (bitmap formats are acceptable, but not recommended). Any presented figure or table should not exceed the height of 190 mm and width of 120 mm. The figures should be inserted to the text file.

Displayed equations should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers in parentheses. It should be centered, leaving a small space above and below to separate it from the surrounding text.

You should use tables only to improve conciseness or where the information cannot be given satisfactorily in other ways. Tables should be numbered serially and referred to in the text by number. Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible.



We encourage authors to restrict the use of footnotes. If necessary, please make endnotes rather than footnotes. Information concerning research grant support should appear in a separate Acknowledgements section at the end of the paper, not in a footnote. Acknowledgements of the assistance of colleagues or similar notes of appreciation should also appear in the Acknowledgements section, not in footnotes.



References should be listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. References in the main text should be cited by number in square brackets (without authors names), for example: ... in [1] authors presented ...; ... new investigations in this field can be found in [2]. ..., and so on. References indicated by numerals in square brackets should complete the paper in the following style:


[1] F. Author. The Title of the Cited Book. Publisher, 2016.


[2] F. Author and A. Second. The title of the article. Journal's Title, 28(4):962-987, 2017. doi: 10.1000/abc12345 (where means: 28 - volume; (4) - issue; 962-987 - pages)


[3] N. Author. Title of the dissertation. Ph.D. Thesis, University, City, Country, 2006 .

Conference Proceedings:

[4] F. Author, A. Second, and A. Third. Title of the presentation or paper. In: Proceedings of ..., pages 287–305, Conference Place, 10-15 May, 2018.

More examples for references can be found in Word or LaTeX templates.

English language

Archive of Mechanical Engineering is published in English. Make sure that your manuscript is clearly and grammatically written. The content should be understandable and should not cause any confusion to the readers, including the reviewers. After accepting the manuscript for a publication in the AME, we offer a free language check service, for correcting small language mistakes.


Submission of Revised Articles

When revision of a manuscript is requested, authors are expected to deliver the revised version of the manuscript as soon as possible. The manuscript should be uploaded directly to the Editorial System as an answer to the Editor's decision, and not as a new manuscript. If it is the 1st revision, the authors need to return revised manuscript within 60 days; if it is the 2nd revision, the authors need to return revised manuscript within 14 days. Additional time for resubmission must be requested in advance. If the above mentioned deadlines are not met, the manuscript may be treated as a new submission.


Outline of the Production

Process Once an article has been accepted for publication, the manuscript is transferred into our production system to be language-edited and formatted. Language/technical editors reserve the privilege of editing manuscripts to conform with the stylistic conventions of the journal. Once the article has been typeset, PDF proofs are generated so that authors can approve all editing and layout.


Proofreading should be carried out once a final draft has been produced. Since the proofreading stage is the last opportunity to correct the article to be published, the authors are requested to make every effort to check for errors in their proofs before the paper is posted online. Authors may be asked to address remarks and queries from the language and/or technical editors. Queries are written only to request necessary information or clarification of an unclear passage. Please note that language/technical editors do not query at every instance where a change has been made. It is the author's responsibility to read the entire text, tables, and figure legends, not just items queried. Major alterations made will always be submitted to the authors for approval. The corresponding author receives e-mail notification when a PDF is available and should return the comments within 3 days of receipt.


Transfer of Copyright Agreement

Once the paper is accepted, the authors are assumed to have transferred the copyright of the paper to the publisher. A properly completed three documents: Open Access License, Authors contribution and Declaration anti-ghostwriting policy, signed by the Corresponding Author on behalf of all the authors, must be provided for each submitted manuscript as a condition of publication. The forms can be downloaded from the journal’s webpage.


For more information see webpage of the journal:


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