Opis

ARCHIVES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (AEE) (previously Archiwum Elektrotechniki), quarterly journal of the Polish Academy of Sciences is OpenAccess (PAN Electronic Library, publishing original scientific articles and short communiques from all branches of Electrical Power Engineering exclusively in English. The main fields of interest are related to the theory & engineering of the components of an electrical power system: switching devices, arresters, reactors, conductors, etc. together with basic questions of their insulation, ampacity, switching capability etc.; electrical machines and transformers; modelling & calculation of circuits; electrical & magnetic fields problems; electromagnetic compatibility; control problems; power electronics; electrical power engineering; nondestructive testing & nondestructive evaluation.

Scoring assigned by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education: **40
points **

CiteScore metrics from Scopus, CiteScore 2019: **1.7**

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2019: **0.202**

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2019: **0.444**

ICI Journal Master List 2019, Index Copernicus Value: **121.11**

ISSN

ISSN: 1427-4221, eISSN: 2300-2506

Wydawcy

Polish Academy of Sciences

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 385-398
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0033-4

Słowa kluczowe:
power system stabilizer
Pareto optimization
parameter uncertainty

The paper presents analysis of optimisation results of power system stabilizer (PSS) parameters when taking into account the uncertainty of mathematical model parameters of the power system (PS) elements. The Pareto optimisation was used for optimisation of the system stabilizer parameters. Parameters of five stabilizers of PSS3B type were determined in optimisation process with use of a genetic algorithm with tournament selection. The results obtained were assessed from the point of view of selecting the criterion function. The analysis of influence of the parameter uncertainty on the quality of the results obtained was performed.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 399-411
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0034-3

Słowa kluczowe:
electrical arc
contact mass loss
contact bridge
software

The paper presents descriptions of bridge disintegration types and contact mass loss in the bridge stage. There is presented Matlab solvers to solve equation describing dynamic changes of temperature in the bridge region. The final result of program calculations is the mass loss and the volume of the metal of contacts which was lost during the bridge stage.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 413-432
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0035-2

Słowa kluczowe:
permanent magnets
boundary integral method
elliptic integrals

The magnetic field due to a permanent magnet of a tube-side segment as shape and of radial-oriented magnetization is considered. Such a sheet modelling a single pole of the magnet is used to express the suitable contribution to magnetic quantities. A boundary-integral approach is applied that is based on a virtual scalar quantity attributed to the magnet pole. Such an approach leads to express analytically the scalar magnetic potential and the magnetic flux density by means of the elliptic integrals. Numerical examples of the computed fields are given. The general idea of the presented approach is mainly directed towards designing the magnetic field within the air gap of electric machines with permanent magnets as an excitation source. Other technical structures with permanent magnets may be a subject of this approach as well.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 433-444
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0036-1

Słowa kluczowe:
solenoid model
nonlinear problem
numerical methods
least squares

This paper deals with an inverse magnetostatic problem related to the reconstruction of a permanent magnet encapsulated inside the cathode of a magnetron sputtering device. The numerical analysis is aimed to obtain the estimation of a short solenoid equivalent to the unknown magnet. Least squares approach has been used to solve the functional defined as squared sum of the residuals. A comparison of the results obtained with Genetic Algorithm approach and nonlinear system of equations is performed. A regularized solution, which is in good agreement with the experimental data, was found by applying a Newton adapted regularization technique.

5
Six-phase motor drive supplied by four voltage source inverters with synchronized space-vector PWM

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 445-458
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0037-0

Słowa kluczowe:
dual three-phase system
modulation strategy
voltage synchronization

Novel method of space-vector-based pulsewidth modulation (PWM) has been disseminated for synchronous control of four inverters feeding six-phase drive based on asymmetrical induction motor which has two sets of windings spatially shifted by 30 electrical degrees. Basic schemes of synchronized PWM, applied for control of four separate voltage source inverters, allow both continuous phase voltages synchronization in the system and required power sharing between DC-sources. Simulations show a behavior of six-phase system with continuous and discontinuous versions of synchronized PWM.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 459-471
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0038-z

Słowa kluczowe:
torque calculation
distributed torques
sensitivity analysis
electrical machines

Accurate force and torque calculations are fundamental to being able to predict the operation of an electromechanical device or system. The Maxwell stress tensor and the virtual work principle are the two major theories for force and torque calculation. However, if local distributions of torque are needed to couple to structural and vibration analyses, the conventional Maxwell stress approach cannot provide this easily. A recently developed approach based on sensitivity analysis has the capability to deliver local stress and torque as well as accurate global results. In addition, this approach divides the total torque into different components which are essential to the design of electrical devices. This paper includes several numerical examples of torque calculations of different electrical machines. The results are verified by a commercial software package using the Maxwell stress based force calculation.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 473-483
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0039-y

Słowa kluczowe:
case-based reasoning
case adaptation
semantic networks
electromagnetic devices
optimization

The ability of case-based reasoning systems to solve new problems mainly depends on their case adaptation knowledge and adaptation strategies. In order to carry out a successful case adaptation in our case-based reasoning system for a low frequency electromagnetic device design, we make use of semantic networks to organize related domain knowledge, and then construct a rule-based inference system which is based on the network. Furthermore, based on the inference system, a novel adaptation algorithm is proposed to derive a new device case from a real-world induction motor case-base with high dimensionality.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 485-496
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0040-5

In order to explore creativity in design, a computational model based on Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) (an approach to employing old experiences to solve new problems) and other soft computing techniques from machine learning, is proposed in this paper. The new model is able to address the four challenging issues: generation of a design prototype from incomplete requirements, judgment and improvement of system performance given a sparse initial case base library, extraction of critical features from a given feature space, adaptation of retrieved previous solutions to similar problems for deriving a solution to a given design task. The core principle within this model is that different knowledge from various level cases can be explicitly explored and integrated into a practical design process. In order to demonstrate the practical significance of our presented computational model, a case-based design system for EM devices, which is capable of deriving a new design prototype from a real-world device case base with high dimensionality, has been developed.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 497-518
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0041-4

Słowa kluczowe:
defect characterization
electromagnetic inverse problem
two level optimization algorithms
eddy current testing method
sensitivity analysis

This work deals with the inverse problem associated to 3D crack identification inside a conductive material using eddy current measurements. In order to accelerate the time-consuming direct optimization, the reconstruction is provided by the minimization of a last-square functional of the data-model misfit using space mapping (SM) methodology. This technique enables to shift the optimization burden from a time consuming and accurate model to the less precise but faster coarse surrogate model. In this work, the finite element method (FEM) is used as a fine model while the model based on the volume integral method (VIM) serves as a coarse model. The application of the proposed method to the shape reconstruction allows to shorten the evaluation time that is required to provide the proper parameter estimation of surface defects.

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 519-529
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0042-3

Słowa kluczowe:
finite permeability
wedge functions
segment functions
boundary integral method

In this paper the application of so called wedge functions is presented to solve two-dimensional simple geometries of magnetostatic and electrostatic problems, e.g. rectangles of varying aspect ratio and with different values of the magnetic permeability μ. Such problems require the use of surface charge density, or segment source, functions of the form ρs = σa-1, where the power parameters, a, have special fractional values. A methodology is presented to determine these special values of a and use them in segment sources on simple geometries, i.e. rectangles of varying aspect ratio, and with different values of the magnetic permeability μ. Wedge solutions are obtained by coupling the strength coefficients of source segments of the same power around an edge. These surface source functions have been used in the analysis of conducting and infinite permeability structures. Here we apply such functions in a boundary integral analysis method to problems having regions of finite permeability.

11
Modified concept of permanent magnet excited synchronous machines with improved high-speed features

Archives of Electrical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 60 | No 4 December
| 531-540
| DOI: 10.2478/v10171-011-0043-2

Słowa kluczowe:
electric vehicles
permanent magnet
synchronous machines
field weakening
optimal feeding

Permanent magnet (PM) excited synchronous machines used in modern drives for electro-mobiles suffer in high speed regions from the limited battery-voltage. The field weakening requires designing machines with reduced power conversion properties or increasing the size of the power converter. A new concept of such a machine features PM excitation, single-tooth winding and an additional circumferential excitation coil fixed on the stator in the axial center of the machine. By the appropriate feeding of this coil, the amplitude of the voltage effective excitation field can be varied from zero to values above those of the conventional PM-machines. The capability of reducing the excitation field to zero is an important safety aspect in case of failing of the feeding convertor.

**Editor-in-Chief**

Professor Andrzej Demenko, Poznan
University of Technology, Poland

**Deputy/ Managing Editor**

Mariusz Barański, Ph.D.,
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Łukasz Knypiński, Ph.D.,
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

**Editorial Advisory Board**

Chairman: **Marian P.
Kaźmierkowski, **Warsaw, Poland

Secretary: **Mariusz
Jagieła**, Opole, Poland

**Members professors:****Anouar Belahcen****,**
Espoo, Finland

**Frede Blaabjerg,**Aalborg, Denmark

**Ion Boldea,**Timisoara, Romania

**Herbert De Gersem,**Darmstadt, Germany

**Jacek Gieras,** Rockford, USA

**Kay Hameyer,** Aachen, Germany

**Marian K. Kazimierczuk,** Dayton, USA

**Stefan Kulig,** Dortmund, Germany

**David A. Lowther,** Montreal, Canada

**Jacek Marecki,** Gdańsk, Poland

**Fausto Pedro García Márquez**, Ciudad Real, Spain

**Zhuoxiang Ren**, Paris, France

**José Rodríguez Pérez, **Santiago, Chile

**Ryszard Sikora,** Szczecin, Poland

**Zbigniew Styczyński,** Magdeburg, Germany

**Jan Sykulski,** Southampton, UK

**Sławomir Wiak,** Łódź, Poland

Language Editor

**Krystyna Guzek**

__Statistical Editor__

**Mariusz Barański,** Poznan, Poland

Poznan
University of Technology

__Theme Editors__

**Jerzy Barglik, Gliwice**, Poland

Professor at Silesian
University of Technology**Zbigniew Lubosny, **Gdansk,
Poland

Professor at Gdańnk University of Technology**Marian
Łukaniszyn, **Opole, Poland

Professor at Opole University
of Technology**Marian Pasko, **Gliwice, Poland

Professor
at Silesian University of Technology**Stanisław Piróg, **Krakow,
Poland

Professor at AGH University of Science and Technology**Henryka
Danuta Stryczewska, **Lublin, Poland

Professor at Lublin
University of Technology**Jan Sykulski, **Southampton,
UK

Professor at University of Southampton**Adam Szelag, **Warsaw,
Poland

Professor at Warsaw University of Technology**Romulad
Włodek, **Krakow, Poland

Professor at AGH University of
Science and Technology

__Technical Editor__ :

Typesetting in LATEX: Drukarnia Braci Grodzickich Sp.j., 05-500 Piaseczno, ul. Geodetów 47a, Poland

All contributions should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief or the Editorial Office:

**Address of the Editorial Office:**

Archives of Electrical Engineering

Piotrowo 3A (Room 612X)

60-965 Poznan, Poland

tel: (48-61) 665-26-36

fax: (48-61) 665-23-81

e-mail: aee@put.poznan.pl

Website: www.aee.put.poznan.pl

**ARCHIVES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (AEE)** (previously Archiwum Elektrotechniki), quarterly journal of the Polish Academy of Sciences is OpenAccess, publishing original scientific articles and short communiques from all branches of Electrical Power Engineering exclusively in English. The main fields of interest are related to the theory & engineering of the components of an electrical power system: switching devices, arresters, reactors, conductors, etc. together with basic questions of their insulation, ampacity, switching capability etc.; electrical machines and transformers; modelling & calculation of circuits; electrical & magnetic fields problems; electromagnetic compatibility; control problems; power electronics; electrical power engineering; nondestructive testing & nondestructive evaluation.,

**Manuscript submission:**

All manuscripts should be submitted electronically on Editorial System.

Submission of paper to the
**Template:**

Microsoft Word is recommended as a standard word processor to prepare
the paper to the AEE journal. If you use the LaTex format, please
transfer your document to Microsoft Word and then use Template AEE.

While editing your paper, make sure that all the mathematical characters (symbols, identifiers, variables, vectors, axis marks, etc.) have the required shape, thickness, and slant kept throughout the whole article. The same appearance of a given mathematic character must be retained regardless of its place (text, equations, tables or figures).

The articles that don’t conform to the above will not be processed and published.

,
**The reviewing process:**

Each paper submitted for publication in Archives of Electrical
Engineering is subjected to the following review procedure:

a) the
paper is reviewed by the editor in chief or guest editor for general
suitability for publication in AEE

b) if it is judged suitable two
reviewers are selected and a double blind peer review process takes place

c)
based on the recommendations of the reviewers, the editor then decides
whether the paper should be accepted in its present form, revised or
rejected

d) the author(s) is(are) informed by e-mail on the results
of the reviewing procedure.

The papers are published on average
within 3 months after acceptance.

**Requirements for preparation of manuscripts: **

The manuscripts submitted for publication should not exceed 21 000 characters (ca. 12 pages of a manuscript written on an A4 sheet in Times New Roman, 10pt font size, single line spacing and 3.8 cm margins). The manuscripts, written in UK English, should be typed using Template AEE according to the following instructions and should include: a title page with the title of a manuscript, a short title; abstract; key words, text; list of references. A DOI number as well as received and revised data will be completed by Editor. When you open Template.doc, select "Print Layout" from the "View" menu in the menu bar (View > Print Layout). Then type over sections of Template.doc or cut and paste from another document and then use markup styles (Home > Styles). For example, the style at this point in the document is "main text").

All papers submitted for publication are assessed on the basis of the mutual anonymity rule as to the names of reviewers and authors. Authors' names and affiliations should not appear in the attached text/tables/figures.

If English is not your first language, ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your manuscript. The manuscripts that fail to meet basic standards of literacy are likely to be immediately declined or after the language assessment, sent to the authors for linguistic improvement.

The manuscripts are published on average within 3 months after their acceptance.

**Do not change the font sizes or line spacing to squeeze more text
into a limited number of pages. Leave some open space around your
figures. **

The AEE journal publishes an ORCID for all authors. You will need a registered ORCID in order to submit your paper for peer review. ORCID registration is free and only takes a minute. Please note that ORCIDs will be added in the course of the author's proofreads.

,**Text:**

The pages must be numbered consecutively. Articles should be divided into numbered sections, and if necessary subsections, preferably: Introduction, Material, Methods, Results, Conclusion and References. Any special characters (e.g. Greek, script, etc.) should be named in the margin where the character first occurs in the text. Names of species are to be accentuated with wavy underlining (italics). Equations should be numbered serially (1), (2), ... on the right side of the page. Footnotes should be avoided, if required, they should be used only for brief notes which do not fit well into the text. Figures and tables have to be included into the text. If table is typed on a separate page its position in the text should be marked. Abbreviations should be explained when they first appear in the text.,

**Math:**

Please use the *Microsoft Equation 3.0* editor (comes with
Microsoft Office 2007 and later versions) or the *MathML* editor as
well as *MathType* editor to build an equation in your manuscript.

To
insert an equation in Word, choose Insert, then Object. This will bring
up a dropdown menu, where the Object option should be chosen again.
Pressing it opens a popup window, where the Create New option has to be
clicked. Scrolling down the window allows to find Microsoft Equation 3.0.

**Equations:**

Equations should be typed within the text, centred, and should be numbered consecutively throughout the text. Their numbers should be typed in parentheses, flush right. Equations should be referred to in text, e.g. (1), except at the beginning of a sentence: "Equation (1) is ...". All symbols appearing in equations have to be defined in the text, before or just after the equation.

If the symbols are written in Times New Roman use *italic fonts*. Symbols of **vectors ** and **matrices** should be written in **bold fonts**. Do not italicize Greek fonts and mathematical symbols like e.g.: the derivative symbol d, max, min, etc. The indices of symbols that are indices themselves should be written in a clear manner.

Note that the equation is centered using a center tab stop. Please keep the same font in the formulas and text.,

**Unit Symbols, Abbreviations:**

Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they are used in the text, even after they have been defined in the abstract. Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, MKS, CGS, sc, dc, and rms do not have to be defined. Do not use abbreviations in the title or heads unless they are unavoidable.

Si units are recommended for use in formulas, drawings and tables., for example the SI unit for magnetic field strength *H* is A/m. Apply the center dot to separate compound units.

Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: "Wb/m2" or "webers per square meter," not "webers/m2." Spell units when they appear in text: "...a few henries…", not "...a few H…".

Use a zero before decimal points: "0.25," not ".25." Use "cm3," not "cc."**Unit Symbols, SI Prefixes as well as Abbreviations should be writing in accordance with the ** IEEE standard,

**Tables, figures (illustrations) and captions:**

The illustrations (line diagrams and photographs) should be suitable for direct reproduction. The lettering as well the details should have proportional dimensions to maintain their legibility after the usual reduction. All illustrations should be numbered consecutively (Fig. X). Tables are numbered with Arabic numerals.

All figures, figure captions, and tables in the text must be inserted into the correct places.

Figures, photos, tables or other parts of a manuscript that have previously appeared in another publication or are not the property of the authors must be properly acknowledged in the manuscript. Permission to republish these items must be obtained by the corresponding author from a person or institution holding the copyright, usually the publisher.

Authors are requested to send figures (diagrams, line drawings and photographic images) in separate computer files. JPG, PNG or TIF are the recommended file formats. Photographs, colour and greyscale figures should be at least at a resolution of 400dpi. Linear, including tables should be at a minimum of 600dpi.

All colour figures should be generated in the RGB or CMYK colour space, while greyscale images in the greyscale colour space.

When preparing your figures/graphics etc., we suggest the use of the Arial 8 point font for axis numbers and Arial 9 point font for axis names. Figures/graphics etc. can be prepared in one of two proposed ways - see Template AEE.

Tables are numbered with Arabic numerals. Use 9 point Times New Roman for the title of the table and 9 point Times New Roman for the filling of the table (9 in the case of symbols with subscripts).

AEE journal allows an author to publish color figures in e-version at no charge, and automatically convert them to grayscale for print versions. Authors wishing to use the facility of color printing should consult the editors.,

**Conclusions:**

A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the manuscript, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion.,

**References:**

References in text must be numbered consecutively by Arabic numerals
placed in square brackets. Please make sure that you use full names of
journals i.e. Archives of Electrical Engineering. Please ensure that all
references in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.

Please
provide name(s) and initials of author(s), the title of the manuscript,
editors (if any), the title of the journal or book, a volume number, the
page range, and finally the year of publication in brackets.**You
can use the rules presented on the site: **IEEE
standard b>__Examples of the ways in which references
should be cited are given below:__**Journal manuscript**

[1]
Author1 A., Author2 A., *Title of paper*, Title of periodical, vol.
x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx (YEAR).*example*

[1] Steentjes S., von
Pfingsten G., Hombitzer M., Hameyer K., *Iron-loss model with
consideration of minor loops applied to FE-simulations of electrical
machines*, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. vol. 49, no. 7, pp.
3945-3948 (2013).

[2] Idziak P., *Computer Investigation of
Diagnostic Signals in Dynamic Torque of Damaged Induction Motor*,
Electrical Review (in Polish), to be published.

[3] Cardwell W., *Finite
element analysis of transient electromagnetic-thermal phenomena in a
squirrel cage motor*, submitted for publication in IEEE Transactions
on Magnetics.**Conference manuscript**

[4] Author A., *Title
of conference paper*, Unabbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf.,
Country of Conf., pp. xxx-xxx (YEAR).*example*

[4] Popescu
M., Staton D.A., *Thermal aspects in power traction motors with
permanent magnets*, Proceedings of XXIII Symposium Electromagnetic
Phenomena in Nonlinear Circuits, Pilsen, Czech Republic, pp. 35-36
(2016).**Book, book chapter and manual**

[5] Author1 A.,
Author2 A.B., *Title of book*, Name of the publisher (YEAR).*example*

[5]
Zienkiewicz O., Taylor R.L., *Finite Element method*, McGraw-Hill
Book Company (2000).**Patent **

[6] Author1 A., Author2
A., *Title of patent*, European Patent, EP xxx xxx (YEAR).*example*

[6]
Piech Z., Szelag W., *Elevator brake with magneto-rheological fluid*,
European Patent, EP 2 197 774 B1 (2011).**Thesis**

[7]
Author A., *Title of thesis*, PhD Thesis, Department, University,
City of Univ. (YEAR).*example*

[7] Driesen J., *Coupled
electromagnetic-thermal problems in electrical energy transducers*,
PhD Thesis, Faculty of Applied Science, K.U. Leuven, Leuven (2000).**For
on electronic forms**

[8] Author A., *Title of article*, in
[Title of Conference, record as it appears on the copyright page], ©
[applicable copyright holder of the Conference Record] (copyright year),
doi: [DOI number]. *example*

[8] Kubo M., Yamamoto Y., Kondo
T., Rajashekara K., Zhu B., *Zero-sequence current suppression for
open-end winding induction motor drive with resonant controller*,in
IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), © APEC
(2016), doi: 10.1109/APEC.2016.7468259 **Website**

[9]
http://www.aee.put.poznan.pl, accessed April 2010.

**Proofs: **

Authors will receive proofs for correction, which should be returned promptly. All joint contributions must indicate the name and address of the authors to whom proofs should be sent.,

**Fees for printing the papers in Archives of Electrical
Engineering: **

AEE is published in Open Access, which means that all articles are
available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication free
of charge for the readers. Authors will be asked to a declaration that
they are ready to cover the costs of printing their article.__The
fee for the publication of an article in the AEE journal is 200 Euro.__

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Archives of Electrical Engineering jest czasopismem wydawanym w wolnym dostępie na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

Archives of Electrical Engineering is an open access journal with all content available with no charge in full text version. The journal content is available under the licencse CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.