Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

Content

Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2011 | vol. 58 | No 1 |

Abstract

The minimum-time problem for a glider flying in the vertical plane is considered. The glider is regarded as a particle moving in the atmosphere in given thermal conditions. The problem is formulated in optimal control and solved using direct pseudospectral Chebysev's method. The data are taken for the Word Class Glider PW-5 "Smyk". Computed optimum results are compared with glider's trajectories from the Second Domestic Glider Championship 2006, Suwałki, Poland.

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Abstract

The paper presents a model of a rapping system of an electrostatic precipitator. The rapping system consists of a set of collecting electrodes hanging on a suspension bar and braced together in a brushing bar. The suspension and brushing bars are modeled using the rigid finite element method, while the collecting plates are modeled using the hybrid method. The method combines the rigid finite element method with the classical finite element method. As a result, the mass matrix is diagonal. Some results of numerical simulations concerning free vibrations of the collecting plates and the influence of the number of elements, into which the plate is divided, on the vibrations of the rapping system are presented.

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Abstract

The study presented here offers an analysis of the heat flow through the wall of the Yankee cylinder when regarded as a thin-walled vessel. The effect of the selected design and process parameters (i.e. cylinder diameter and steam pressure) on density of the heating stream has been analyzed and discussed for both cast iron and steel cylinders. Based on the work presented here, the optimal ranges for steam pressure have been derived and proposed for cylinders mounted at various locations within the drying section.

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Abstract

The paper presents a research program carried out to improve understanding of the fluid dynamics mechanisms that lead to rotating stall in the axial flow low speed compressor stage. The stalling behavior of this compressor stage was studied by measuring unsteady casing pressure by means of a circumferentially and axially spaced array of high frequency pressure transducers. Another probe used was a disc static pressure probe, with the pressure transducer, for in-flow and out-flow measurements along the blade span. It was expected that understanding of the fluid dynamics will facilitate at least two important tasks. The first was to accurately predict of when and how a particular compressor would stall. The second was to control, delay, or eventually suppress the rotating stall and surge. In consequence, one could extend the useful operating range of the axial compressor. Another motivation for the research was to compare the results from the three applied analysis techniques by using a single stall inception event. The first one was a simple visual inspection of the traces, which brought about a very satisfactory effect. The second one was application of spatial Fourier decomposition to the analysis of stall inception data, and the third method of analysis consisted in application of wavelet filtering in order to better understand the physical mechanisms which lead to rotating stall. It was shown that each of these techniques would provide different information about compressor stall behavior, and each method had unique advantages and limitations.

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Abstract

The paper reports on investigation and development of a flywheel device intended for an energy storage prototype. The goal was to design and experimentally verify the concept of self-integrated flywheel with smart control of energy flow and accumulation. The Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) must has high energy efficiency and structural robustness. Investigation on structural dynamics of the composite flywheel connected with outer type rotor was carried out using Finite Element Method. The FESS is designed to run in vacuum and is supported on low-energy, controlled, active magnetic bearings (AMBs). The flywheel device of 10 MJ energy density and a weight of 150 kg with two integrated rotors/generators of 50 kW power density each is intended to operate up to 40 000 rpm.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present an in-pipe modular robotic system that can navigate inaccessible industrial pipes in order to check their condition, locate leakages, and clean the ventilation systems. The aspects concerning the development of a lightweight and energy efficient modular robotic system are presented. The paper starts with a short introduction about modular inspection systems in the first chapter, followed by design aspects and finalizing with the test of the developed robotic system.

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Abstract

The paper presents a prototype of a rehabilitation robot for lower extremities. It is created on the basis of cylindrical kinematic model, equipped with two rigid arms, special handles and fixtures. It has five active degrees of freedom and is designed to repeat the trajectories generated by physiotherapist during the learning phase. Presented prototype of rehabilitation robot has the ability to replay different types of trained exercises such as: hip and knee flexion/extension, leg abduction/adduction. The protection system (including overload detection) implemented in the robot ensures safe working with patients.

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Abstract

A complete system of a Laser Radar is described in this paper. One explains the principles of the laser and all additional devices used in this system in order to obtain a compact and eye-safe system. The principle and realization of algorithms for controlling the cruise and speed of the vehicle are described. By applying modal control, and choosing the optimal mode for reducing the speed, one derives the system equation and determines its coefficients. Finally, the paper presents simulations of the laser scanning system, the modal control system and the behavior of the system affected by different errors and disturbances. The effects of instrumental errors are defined and simulation is performed illustrating how such a control system is influenced by internal and external disturbances.

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Editorial office

Editor-in-Chief

Prof. Marek Wojtyra, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

 

Editorial Board

Prof. Krzysztof Arczewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Janusz T. Cieśliński, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Antonio Delgado, LSTM University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany

Prof. Peter Eberhard, University of Stuttgart, Germany

Prof. Jerzy Maciej Floryan, The University of Western Ontario, Canada

Prof. Janusz Frączek, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Tadeusz Ryszard Fodemski, Technical University of Lodz, Poland

Prof. Zbigniew Kowalewski, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Prof. Zenon Mróz, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Prof. Andrzej J. Nowak, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Dr. Andrzej F. Nowakowski, The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Prof. Jerzy Sąsiadek, Carleton University, Canada

Prof. Jacek Szumbarski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Tomasz Wiśniewski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Günter Wozniak, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany

 

Assistant to the Editor

Małgorzata Broszkiewicz, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

 

Editorial Advisory Board

Prof. Alberto Carpinteri, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

Prof. Fernand Ellyin, University of Alberta, Canada

Prof. Feng Gao, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, P.R. China

Prof. Emmanuel E. Gdoutos, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Prof. Gregory Glinka, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Prof. Andrius Marcinkevicius, Vilnius Gedeminas Technical University, Lithuania

Prof. Manuel José Moreira De Freitas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Portugal

Prof. Andrzej Neimitz, Kielce University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Thierry Palin-Luc, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Institut Carnot Arts, France

Prof. Andre Pineau, Centre des Matériaux, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France

Prof. Narayanaswami Ranganathan, LMR, Ecole Polytechnique de l'Université de Tours, France

Prof. Jan Ryś, Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Adelia Sequeira, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal,

Prof. Józef Szala, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Prof. Edmund Wittbrodt, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Prof. Jens Wittenburg, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

Prof. Stanisław Wojciech, University of Bielsko-Biała, Poland

 

Language Editor

Lech Śliwa, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Poland

  

Contact

ARCHIVE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Editorial Office:

Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology

Nowowiejska 24, Room 132, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland

Phone:  (+48) 22 234 7448, fax: (+48) 22 628 25 87,

E-mail: ame.eo@meil.pw.edu.pl

https://www.editorialsystem.com/ame

www.journals.pan.pl/ame

Instructions for authors

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an Open Access journal. The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.

Original high quality papers on the following topics are preferred:

  • Mechanics of Solids and Structures,
  • Fluid Dynamics,
  • Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Combustion,
  • Machine Design,
  • Computational Methods in Mechanical Engineering,
  • Robotics, Automation and Control,
  • Mechatronics and Micro-mechanical Systems,
  • Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering,
  • Heat and Power Engineering.

All submissions to the AME should be made electronically via Editorial System - an online submission and peer review system at: https://www.editorialsystem.com/ame

More detailed instructions for Authors can be found there.

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