Nauki Humanistyczne i Społeczne

Central Eastern European Migration Review


Central Eastern European Migration Review | 2015 | Vol. 4 | No 2 |


This paper describes and tries to explain return intentions of Polish, Romanian and Bulgarian labour migrants in the Netherlands. Previous research has often emphasised the temporary or ‘liquid’ char-acter of Central and Eastern European labour migration. We find that a substantial number of labour migrants intend to stay in the Netherlands for many years, and sometimes forever. Data from a survey of Central and Eastern European (CEE) labour migrants (Poles, Romanians, Bulgarians) in the Neth-erlands (N = 654), is used to test three hypotheses about return intentions. Economic success or fail-ure is not found to be related to the return intentions of migrants. Apparently, some migrants return after being successful in migration, whereas others return after having failed. Migrants with strong links with Dutch society have less strong return intentions, whereas migrants with strong transnation-al ties intend to return sooner.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Erik Snel
Marije Faber
Godfried Engbersen


While Polish migration to the UK has attracted much academic attention, there has been less discus-sion about the consequences of Polish migrants’ encounters with difference in socially diverse UK contexts. In particular, relatively little has been written about how Polish migrants describe or refer to ‘visible’ difference in terms of ethnicity, nationality, religion, class and gender. This reflects a broader tendency in migration studies to frequently overlook the production and transnational transfer of mi-grant language. In this article, I explore how Polish post-2004 migrants to the northern English city of Leeds produce ‘the language of difference’ and how this migrant language is passed on to non-migrants in Poland. I distinguish two types of language of difference – the language of stigma and the language of respect. I note that migrants construct both speech normativities through engaging with rhetoric exist-ing in the Polish and/or the UK context as well as through developing ‘migrant slang’ of difference. I further argue that the language of stigma and the language of respect are transferred to Poland via the agency of migrants. The article draws upon a broader study of Polish migrants’ values and atti-tudes towards difference and the circulation of ideas between these migrants and their family members and friends in Poland. It contributes to emerging debates on Polish migrants’ encounters with differ-ence and social remittances between the UK and Poland.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Anna Gawlewicz


Neighbouring as a type of social interchange and multi-dimensional social phenomenon is of funda-mental importance in the social sciences and problems associated with intercultural and interethnic neighbouring are currently on the increase. Contemporary migration processes and ethnic diversity in Poland are relatively new issues that are reflected in the experiences of both migrants and representa-tives of the host society. The aim of this article is to analyse intercultural neighbourly contacts be-tween Poles and migrants in Warsaw in the context of Erving Goffman’s sociology of interaction. These contacts and the social processes they involve are of great importance when it comes to mi-grants’ integration in their new place of residence. The article considers how glances, gestures and behaviours are interpreted, leading to the formation of specific opinions and attitudes between mi-grants and Poles. Both ‘unfocused’ and ‘focused’ interactions are analysed, with an emphasis on ex-pectations and definitions of tactful behaviour in intercultural neighbourly encounters and the concept of ‘polite indifference.’ Conclusions are based on semi-structured interviews conducted with Poles and migrants from Vietnam, Turkey and African countries living in Warsaw, Poland.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Aleksandra Winiarska


The last decade has witnessed the development of a growing phenomenon, the expulsion of European Union (EU) citizens from a host Member State. While the EU encourages its citizens to use their fun-damental right of freedom of movement, citizens moving to other Member States continue to encounter legal obstacles, in some cases leading to expulsion. Recently, there has even been strong political pressure in some Member States to reconsider the benefits of the principle of free movement, which has been built progressively since the foundation of the European Community. This restrictive ap-proach has arisen against the background of the global economic crisis, which occurred just after the enlargement of the EU to economically poorer countries of Central and Eastern Europe, leading to more nationalistic and protectionist measures, which have legal consequences for EU citizens on the move. This article analyses the legal grounds for expulsion under EU law and the safeguards that pro-tect EU citizens residing in host Member States. Examples of expulsions from Member States in recent years are noted, and possible ways of overcoming current issues are proposed.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Solange Maslowski


The present paper examines how, at a time of post EU-enlargement migration, female Polish migrants in the UK act within, despite and against the social structure of gender regimes in the origin and host societies and how female migrant agents are actively mediating structures in a quest to fulfil their as-pirations. Biographical narrative interviews conducted with female Polish migrant workers in the UK and semi-structured expert interviews provide the empirical data for the analysis of how employment trajectories in migration can challenge or reinforce gender roles, and of the role of female migrants’ agency. The paper shows how some women are limited in their opportunities by gender roles and fa-milial obligations, while others are able to progress professionally either by entering a typical ‘mi-grant’ sector, by undertaking UK education, or by starting their own businesses, challenging the gendered expectations they face. The paper thus contributes to the discussion on female migrants as disadvantaged migrant workers or as active agents of change.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Karima Aziz


The aim of the paper is to describe the main patterns and challenges of Ukrainian migration to Greece with reference to the consequences of the recent economic and social crisis in the host country on the migrants’ lives. Specifically, the paper discusses the impact of the legal framework related to migra-tion in four different periods. Historically, Greece was one of the first destinations attracting Ukraini-an migrants, but the migration flows have strongly decreased during the last years and a tendency for return migration has emerged. Among the key features is the fact that the migrant’s experience is deeply influenced and shaped by Greece’s policy response to migration. The paper will therefore spe-cifically examine the impact of the legislative measures on the mobility of the migrants.

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Marina Nikolova



Marek Okólski (Uniwersytet Warszawski, Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej)
Olga Chudinovskikh (Moscow State Lomonosow University, Higher School of Economics)
Barbara Dietz (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies in Regensburg, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA))
Boris Divinský (Bratislava)
Dušan Drbohlav (Charles University in Prague)
Elżbieta Goździak (Georgetown University, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza)
Agnes Hars (KOPINT-TARKI Economic Research Institute Ltd)
Romuald Jończy (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu)
Paweł Kaczmarczyk (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Olga Kupets (National University of ‘Kyiv-Mohyla Academy’)
Solange Maslowski (Charles University in Prague)
Ewa Morawska (University of Essex)
Mirjana Morokvasic (University Paris X-Nanterre, Institute for Social Sciences of Politics in Paris)
Jan Pakulski (University of Tasmania, Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia)
Dorota Praszałowicz (Uniwersytet Jagielloński)
Krystyna Romaniszyn (Uniwersytet Jagielloński)
John Salt (University College London)
Dumitru Sandu (University of Bucharest)
Krystyna Slany (Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza)
Dariusz Stola (Polska Akademia Nauk, Collegium Civitas)
Cezary Żołędowski (Uniwersytet Warszawski)


Aleksandra Grzymała-Kazłowska (Uniwersytet Warszawski) - redaktor naczelny
Piotr Koryś (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Yana Leontiyeva (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
Magdalena Lesińska (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Stefan Markowski (University of New South Wales in Australia)
Justyna Nakonieczna (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Joanna Nestorowicz (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Aneta Piekut (University of Sheffield)
Paolo Ruspini (International Migration University of Lugano)
Brygida Solga (Politechnika Opolska)
Paweł Strzelecki (Szkoła Główna Handlowa)
Anne White (University of Bath)
Renata Stefańska (Uniwersytet Warszawski) - sekretarz Redakcji



Ośrodek Badań nad Migracjami Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
ul. Banacha 2b
02-097 Warszawa
tel.: 22 659 74 11

Instrukcje dla autorów

  • Article in English (British English) or Polish should be submitted as MS Word file (*.doc or *.docx) or Rich Text Format (*.rtf) by e-mail to:
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When the names of several authors of the cited work are a part of the sentence, the name of only the first author should be given followed by the abbreviation ‘et al.’, and then by information about a year of publication given in parenthesis, e.g.:

Górny et al. (2010)…

  • Bibliography should be placed at the end of the text. Its items should be listed in the alphabetical order and include only publications quoted in the text. At the same time, all the items referenced in the main text should be included in the bibliography. Italics should only be used in titles of books and titles of journals.

-         Book:

  • One author:

Dąbrowski P. (2011). Cudzoziemiec niepożądany w polskim prawie
o cudzoziemcach
. Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.

  • If more than one work of the given author is quoted, his/her publications should be listed according to the year of publication in a chronological, order (from oldest to newest), e.g.:

Grzymała-Kazłowska A. (2007). Konstruowanie…

Grzymała-Kazłowska A. (ed.) (2008). Między wielością a jednością

  • If several works of the given author have been published in the same year, they should be listed in alphabetical order according to the first letter of the article’s title. Moreover, a small letter (i.e. ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’ etc.) should be added after the year of publication in correspondence with the order of appearance of these works in the bibliography.

Pędziwiatr K. (2011a). Muslims in…

Pędziwiatr K. (2011b). “The Established…

  • Two or more authors:

Grabowska-Lusińska I., Okólski M. (2009). Emigracja ostatnia? Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

  • If several works of the given author, being co-authored by other authors, are quoted, they should be listed in an alphabetical order, according the name of the second author. Works of the given teams of authors should be listed in a chronological order (from oldest to newest), e.g.:  

Fihel A., Kaczmarczyk P., Okólski M. (2007). Rozszerzenie…

Fihel A., Okólski M. (2008). Bilans demograficzny…

Fihel A., Okólski M. (2009). Dimensions and…

  • Edited book:

Jaźwińska E., Okólski M. (eds) (2001). Ludzie na huśtawce. Migracje między peryferiami Polski i Zachodu. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

  • Book in a series:

Okólski M. (ed.) (2012). European Immigrations: Trends, Structures and Policy Implications. IMISCOE Research Series. Amsterdam: AmsterdamUniversity Press.

  • Book in print:

Kaczmarczyk P., Lesińska M. (eds) (in print). Krajobrazy migracyjne Polski. Warsaw: Ośrodek Badań nad Migracjami UW.

-         Book chapter:

Kaczmarczyk P. (2001). „Polski Berlin?” - uwagi na temat najnowszych migracji Polaków do stolicy Niemiec, in: E. Jaźwinska, M. Okólski (eds), Ludzie na huśtawce. Migracje między peryferiami Polski i Zachodu, pp. 241-271. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

-         Working Paper:

Fihel A. (ed.) (2011). Recent Trends in International Migration in Poland. The 2011 SOPEMI report. CMR Working Papers 52, 110. Warszawa: Ośrodek Badań nad Migracjami UW.

-         Journal article:

  • One author:

Stola D. (1998). Migrations in Central and Eastern Europe. International Migration Review 32(124): 1069-1072.

  • Article in print:

Piekut A., Rees P., Valentine G., Kupiszewski M. (in print). Multidimensional diversity in two European cities: thinking beyond ethnicity. Environment and Planning A.

-         Conference paper:

  • Toruńczyk-Ruiz S. (2012). Neighbour relations and attitudes towards diversity in socially mixed areas: the case of Warsaw, paper delivered at the conference titled ‘Living with Difference’, Leeds, 12-13 September 2012.

-         Newspaper article:

  • Iglicka K. (2010). Poles are not trying to escape UK. The Guardian, 23 January,

-         Works from the Internet:

Górny A. (2005). New phenomena and old legislation: regulations regarding the acquisition of citizenship in Poland. Online: (accessed: 21 January 2013).

  • Initial letters of two name of the author should be always separated by space, e.g.:

Castles S., Miller M. J. (2012). Migracje we…




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