Science and earth science

Studia Quaternaria

Content

Studia Quaternaria | 2019 | vol. 36 | Iss.1 |

Abstract

Remains of a vast Roman pottery production complex were found on the shore of the Plemići Bay (Općina Ražanac, Zadar county) in 2012, and confirmed by geophysical survey. Ground-penetrating radar measurements revealed outline of a rectangular building that finds analogies with Roman storehouses (horreum). The area occupied by remains of the Roman pottery workshop was covered by immense soil-debris flows. Three geological exposures located to the north of the remains of the Roman building were documented using lithological and malacological analysis, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The profiles revealed at least three generations of slope sediments, formed in result of intensive soil or debris flows in a dry climate, most probably in 5th c. AD. In the next, wet phase sediments were transported downslope and deposited on the Roman structures after 5th c. AD. Environmental conditions at Pelmići were supply with paleoclimate evidence from the Adriatic region. At ca. 1.5 cal. BP lake levels in the eastern Adriatic area were drastically reduced, probably because of strong decrease in humidity, correlated with the so-called North Atlantic Bond event 3. The drought was followed by a humid episode, also attested at the Plemići archaeological site.

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Abstract

This study presents the results of a comprehensive geoarchaeological study implemented at an archeological site covering ca. 5 ha near the city of Csorna on the NW part of the Danube Plain, NW Hungary. The site itself exposed a complex fluvial system of an ice age creek with near bank and overbank areas (levee, point bar, back swamp). Spatial distribution of archeological features allowed for the interpretation of differential use of the fluvial landscape by different cultures. According to our data, the referred fluvial system must have emerged during the Late Glacial. At this time, creeks originating from hills to the SE followed a uniform NW trajectory. From the Holocene, small creeks were beheaded turning into inactive flood channels. It was the time when the gradual infilling of the floodplain started. Alternating layers of floodwater coarses and floodplain fines mark recurring floods at our site. These could have been correlated with cooler, wetter climatic phases of the North Atlantic, Western Europe and high stands in Central European lakes. Highest floods are recorded during the Late Bronze and Iron Ages besides the Neolithic. Pollen data enabled us to make inferences on the vegetation as well.

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Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to study the palaeoecological and archaeological benefits of the previously investigated Szeged-Öthalom area. The aim was to combine the archaeological results with the palaeoecological ones by a new integral view. Age-depth models of 14C dated charcoal were calculated via Bayesian method to reconstruct the sediment accumulation rates in the investigated loess- palaeosol sequences. Moreover, the age of a Mammoth bone found in 1935 at the nearby Palaeolithic site was correlated with the calculated accumulation rates. Through our new results, the age of the Palaeolithic site could be correlated to the late LGM dust-accumulation-peak period. Even if this period is considered as cold and dry, the palaeoecological settings indicated dense forest cover and cool climate in the investigated area. This means that the palaeoenvironment may have encouraged the diffusion of Gravettian hunters in this area, founding campsites like Öthalom in the southern part of the Carpathian Basin.

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Abstract

The research was conducted at the Kwiatków site,1 in the Koło Basin (Central Poland). It included a fragment of a low terrace and the valley floor of the Warta river valley. The archaeological investigation documented over 100 wells that archaeological material indicates are associated with the Przeworsk culture. Geomorphological, lithological and geochemical studies were carried out at the archaeological sites and their surroundings. Selected for the presentation were two wells whose fillings were carefully tested and subjected to geochemical and lithological analyses. The wells showed a slightly different content of artifacts, as well as differences in their grain-size distributions, the structure of their filling deposits, and their geochemistry. This allows us to conclude that the two wells were used differently, but also probably about a different course for how each well was filled after the end of its operation.

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Editorial office

Editorial Board:

 

Editor-in-Chief:

Leszek Marks, Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Poland

Co-editors:


Mirosława Kupryjanowicz, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, University of Białystok, Poland
Fabian Welc, Institute of Archaeology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland
Barbara Woronko, Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Poland

Secretary:

Joanna Mirosław-Grabowska, Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Editorial Advisory Board:

T. Madeyska (Chairman), Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
S.W. Alexandrowicz, Academy of Mining and Metallurgy, Cracow, Poland
K.E. Behre, Niedersachsisches Institut für Historische Küstenforschung, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
J. Ehlers, Geologisches Landesamt, Hamburg, Germany
P. Gozhik, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraine
V. Ložek, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
J.E. Mojski, Gdansk University, Gdańsk, Poland
J. Rose, University of London, London, United Kingdom
K. Rotnicki, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
L. Starkel, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland
M. Sturm, EAWAG-ETH, Zürich, Switzerland
J. Vandenberghe, University of Amsterdam, Amserdam, The Netherlands
K. Wasylikowa, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland

Contact

Studia Quaternaria
Committee for Quaternary Research
Twarda 51/55
00-818 Warsaw

Instructions for authors

The language of the journal is English. Submissions may be in the form of articles, brief reports, discussions, or paper/book reviews. Studia Quaternaria accepts papers of moderate length. Longer manuscripts should be agreed with the Editor-in-Chief.

All submitted manuscripts are reviewed initially by editorial staff. Manuscripts with insufficient priority for publication are rejected promptly. Other manuscripts are sent to at least two independent expert consultants for peer review. Manuscripts are evaluated on the originality of data, interpretations, and ideas, and on the degree to which their findings can be generalized. In case of contradictory opinions additional reviewers are sought. Articles accepted for publication are instantly published inthe "in press" section. In printed version they usually appear in order of acceptance.

http://www.studia.quaternaria.pan.pl/SQ-author.html

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