Casting Routes for Porous Metals Production

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Innovative foundry technologies and materials ; Product development ; Metal foams

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The last decade has seen growing interest in professional public about applications of porous metallic materials. Porous metals represent a new type of materials with low densities, large specific surface, and novel physical and mechanical properties, characterized by low density and large specific surface. They are very suitable for specific applications due to good combination of physical and mechanical properties such as high specific strength and high energy absorption capability. Since the discovery of metal foams have been developed many methods and techniques of production in liquid, solid and gas phases. Condition for the use of metal foams - advanced materials with unique usability features, are inexpensive ways to manage their production. Mastering of production of metallic foams with defined structure and properties using gravity casting into sand or metallic foundry moulds will contribute to an expansion of the assortment produced in foundries by completely new type of material, which has unique service properties thanks to its structure, and which fulfils the current demanding ecological requirements. The aim of research conducted at the department of metallurgy and foundry of VSB-Technical University Ostrava is to verify the possibilities of production of metallic foams by conventional foundry processes, to study the process conditions and physical and mechanical properties of metal foam produced. Two procedures are used to create porous metal structures: Infiltration of liquid metal into the mold cavity filled with precursors or preforms and two stage investment casting.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Banhart J. (2001), Manufacture, characterization and application of cellular metals and metal foams [Article], Progress in Materials Science, 46, 6, 559, ; Gailllard Z. (2010), Les materiaux cellulaires: une innovation aux applications multiples, Fonderie, 1, 21. ; Curran, D. Metal Foams [online]. Retrieved September 20. ; Duocel. ERG, Inc., Oakland, CA. Materials and aerospace corporation. Retrieved February 23 from <a target="_blank" href=''></a> ; Zyrjanova, I. (2011). <i>Lité kovové pěny z Al slitin</i>, Unpublished Master thesis, VŠB-TU Ostrava, FMMI. (in Czech). ; Cholewa M. (2008), Closed aluminium skeleton casting, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 8, 1, 53. ; Cholewa M. (2007), Validation studies of temperature distribution and mould filling process for composite skeleton castings, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 7, 3, 191. ; Dziuba M. (2008), Simulation of mould filling process for composite skeleton castings, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 8, 1, 163.