The Mechanism of the Surface Alloy Layer Creation for Cast Steel

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


composites ; Composite layer ; Ferrochromium ; Cast ; Mechanism of creation

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The paper presents a detailed description of the process of creation of a surface alloy layer (using high-carbon ferrochromium) on the cast steel casting. The mechanism of the surface alloy layer is based on the known theories [5,6]. The proposed course of formation of the layers has been extended to decarburization stage of steel. The research included proving the presence of carbon-lean zone. The experiment included the analysis of the distribution of elements and microhardness measurement.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Sakwa W. (1979), Theoretical foundations of alloy layer forming process on the cast iron, Solidification of Metals and Alloys, 1, 222. ; Marcinkowska J. (1988), Technology of castings used in case of erosion abrasion by mineral particles. ; Gawroński J. (1996), Composite layer on the steel castings, null, 88. ; Wróbel, P. (2004). <i>Improvement of the cast steel castings surface by creating the alloy composite layer in casting process.</i> Doctor's thesis, Gliwice Silesian University of Technology. (in Polish) ; Baron, C. (2007). <i>The surface composite layer on the steel cast.</i> Doctor's thesis, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice. (in Polish) ; Szajnar J. (null), Methods of improvement in hardness of composite surface layer on cast steel, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 8, 3, 111. ; Baron C. (2008), The thickness of surface composite layers in a stochastic expressions, 51. ; Gawroński J. (2006), Surface layers of composite technology and its application, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 6, 19, 103. ; Szajnar J. (2008), Model castings with composite surface layer - application, Archives of Foundry Engineering, 8, 3, 105. ; Walasek A. (2011), The influence of silicon on the process of surface alloy layer forming, null.