Influence of a Liquid Metal Temperature on a Thermal Decomposition of a Phenolic Resin

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Environment Protection ; Phenolic Resin ; BTEX ; Alluminium ; Foundry

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Due to the presence of harmful substances in resins those mould sands may be hazardous to the natural environment and workers. The general assessment of harmfulness of sands used for molds and cores encompasses 2 basic points: emission of hazardous substances during processes of preparing sands, pouring mold with liquid metals (high temperatures), cooling and shaking-out; possibility of washing out hazardous substances from used sands to the environment, during storage or economic use outside foundries. We present the results of research on the emission of BTEX compounds from mould sands with phenolic resins during pouring liquid metal of different temperature (cast iron and Al alloy). The research was conducted according to the original method prepared by the authors, which has been used for years in cooperation with various foundries (Poland, abroad).


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Ribeiro (2006), Risk assessment of chemicals in foundries : the international chemical toolkit pilot - project of Hazardous Materials, Journal, 136, ; Holtzer (2012), Harmfulness of moulding sands with bentonite and lustrous carbon carriers, Metalurgija, 51, 437. ; Humfrey (1996), Potential carcinogenicity of foundry fumes : a comparative in vivo - in vitro study and Chemical Toxicology, Food, 34, 1103, ; LaFay (2010), Know the Environmental Impact of Your Additives, Modern Casting, 10, 27. ; Kubecki (2012), Analysis of the compounds from the BTEX group emitted during thermal decomposition of alkyd resin ofFoundry, Archives Engineering, 12, 67, ; Holtzer (2004), Leaching of harmful substances from some moulding and core sands used in iron foundry, PrzeglądOdlewnictwa, 54, 10.