Granulation of After Reclamation Dusts from the Mixed Sands Technology: Water Glass – Resolit / Granulacja pyłów poregeneracyjnych z technologii mas mieszanych: szkło wodne – rezolit

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Environmental protection ; Loose self-hardening sands ; Floster S process ; After reclamation dust ; granulation

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


A technology of sands with water glass hardened by liquid esters is a cheap and ecologic method of producing moulding sands. Due to these advantages, this technology is still very important in several foundry plants for production of heavy iron and steel castings. Reclamation of the mixed moulding and core sands generates significant amounts of dusts, which require further treatments for their reuse. The results of investigations of a pressureless granulation of dusts generated in the dry mechanical reclamation process of the mixture consisting in app. 90 % of moulding sands from the Floster S technology and in 10 % of core sands with phenolic resin resol type, are presented in the hereby paper. Investigations were aimed at obtaining granulates of the determined dimensional and strength parameters. Granules were formed from the mixture of dusts consisting of 75 mass% of dusts after the reclamation of sands mixture and of 25 mass% of dusts from bentonite sands processing plant. Wetted dusts from bentonite sands were used as a binding agent allowing the granulation of after reclamation dusts originated from the mixed sands technology.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Dańko (2010), Experiences gathered during reclamation of used water glass and bentonite sands in extra low and ambient temperature of Cast Metals Research, International Journal, 23, 92, ; Dańko (2011), Innovative developments in sand reclamation technologies - Metallurgy, Metalurgija, 50, 93. ; Major (2011), The estimation of ability to reclame of moduling sands with biopolymer binders of FoundryEingineering, Archives, 11, 79. ; Dobosz (2004), Glassex - nowy dodatek poprawiający wybijalność mas ze szkłem wodnym of Foundry Engineering, Archives, 13, 64. ; Kamińska (2013), Granulation process of foundry dusts originated from bentonite sand processing plants - Metallurgy, Metalurgija, 52, 59. ; Dańko (2011), Reclamation of alkaline spent moulding sands of organic and inorganic type and their mixtures of Foundry Engineering, Archives, 11, 25. ; Kamińska (2012), Preliminary research on granulation process of dust waste from reclamation process of moulding sands with furan resin of FoundryEngineering, Archives, 12, 53, ; Dańko (2011), Reclaimability of the spent sand mixture - sand with bentonite - sand with furfuryl resin of Foundry Eingineering, Archives, 11, 13. ; Dańko (2008), Analiza i struktura odpadów z krajowych odlewni ofFoundry Eingineering, Archives, 8, 5. ; Kamińska (2012), Wstępne badania procesu granulacji pyłów odpadowych z procesu regeneracji osnowy piaskowej mas z żywicą furanową of FoundryEngineering spec, Archives, 12, 97. ; Dańko (2010), Badania zdolności do regeneracji masy zużytej ze szkłem wodnym oraz z alkaliczną żywicą utwardzaną CO of Foundry Eingineering, Archives, 10, 33. ; Dańko (2010), Moulding sands grain size investigations by means of the laser method of measurement of Metallurgy and Materials, Archives, 55, 787.