Kinetics of the σ Phase Precipitation in Respect of Erosion-corrosion Wear of Duplex Cast Steel

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Innovative Foundry Materials and Technologies ; duplex cast steel ; Sigma Phase ; Shape Factor ; Erosive-corrosive wear

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The examined material comprised two grades of corrosion-resistant cast steel, namely GX2CrNiMoN25-6-3 and GX2CrNiMoCuN25-6-3-

3, used for example in elements of systems of wet flue gas desulphurisation in power industry. The operating conditions in media heated

up to 70°C and containing Cl- and SO4 ions and solid particles produce high erosive and corrosive wear.The work proposes an application

of the σ phase as a component of precipitation strengthening mechanism in order to increase the functional properties of the material.

The paper presents the results of examination of the kinetics of σ phase precipitation at a temperature of 800°C and at times ranging from

30 to 180 minutes. Changes in the morphology of precipitates of the σ phase were determined using the value of shape factor R.

Resistance to erosion-corrosion wear of duplex cast steel was correlated with the kinetics of sigma phase precipitating.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944