Core Blowing Process - Assessment of Core Sands Properties and Preliminary Model Testing

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Foundry cores ; Blowing and shooting processes ; Experimental investigations ; Simulation calculations

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The effects of filling the core box cavity and sand compaction in processes of core production by blowing methods (blowing, shooting)

depend on several main factors. The most important are: geometrical parameters of cavity and complexity of its shape, number,

distribution and shape of blowing holes feeding sands as well as the venting of a technological cavity. Values of individual parameters are

selected according to various criteria, but mostly they should be adjusted to properties of the applied core sand.

Various methods developed by several researchers, including the authors own attempts, allow to assess core sands properties on the basis

of special technological tests projecting the process into a laboratory scale. The developed criteria defining a degree or a filling ability

factor provide a better possibility of assessing the core sand behavior during flowing and core box filling, which indicate the value and

structure of the obtained compacting decisive – after hardening – for strength and permeability. The mentioned above aspects are analyzed

– on the basis of authors’ own examinations - in the hereby paper.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944