The Formation of Gaseous Atmosphere in a Molten Cast Iron/Moulding Sand Contact System

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Moulding sand ; Cast iron melt ; Gas in metal ; Mould atmosphere

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Drops of molten cast iron were placed on moulding sand substrates. The composition of the forming gaseous atmosphere was examined. It

was found that as a result of the cast iron contact with water vapour released from the sand, a significant amount of hydrogen was evolved.

In all the examined moulding sands, including sands without carbon, a large amount of CO was formed. The source of carbon monoxide

was carbon present in cast iron. In the case of bentonite moulding sand with seacoal and sand bonded with furan resin, in the composition

of the gases, the trace amounts of hydrocarbons, i.e. benzene, toluene, styrene and naphthalene (BTX), appeared. As the formed studies

indicate much higher content of BTX at lower temperature it was concluded that the hydrocarbons are unstable in contact with molten



The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944