The Influence of the Mould Filling Conditions on the Quality of Castings Made of EN AC-44000 Alloy

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Innovative Foundry Materials and Technologies ; Plaster mould ; Counter-gravity casting ; Vacuum casting

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The work deals with the influence of change in the filling conditions of the ceramic moulds with plaster binder on the presence of gaseous

porosity and the microstructure of the achieved test castings with graded wall thickness. Castings made of EN AC-44000 alloy, produced

either by gravity casting, or by gravity casting with negative pressure generated around the mould (according to the Vacumetal

technology), or by counter-gravity casting were compared. The results of examinations concerning the density of the produced castings

indicate that no significant change in porosity was found. The increased size of silicon crystals was found for the increased wall

thicknesses due to the slower cooling and solidification of castings.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944