Formation of Structure and Properties in Casting Processes on the Example of AZ91 Magnesium Alloy

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Innovative foundry technologies and materials ; Magnesium Alloy ; RS process ; VDC process ; Mechanical properties

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Contemporary materials engineering requires the use of materials characterised by high mechanical properties, as these precisely

properties determine the choice of material for parts of machinery and equipment. Owing to these properties it is possible to reduce

the weight and, consequently, the consumption of both material and energy. Trying to meet these expectations, the designers are

increasingly looking for solutions in the application of magnesium alloys as materials offering a very beneficial strength-to-weight ratio.

However, besides alloying elements, the properties are to a great extent shaped by the solidification conditions and related structure.

The process of structure formation depends on the choice of casting method forced by the specific properties of casting or by the specific

intended use of final product. The article presents a comparison of AZ91 magnesium alloys processed by different casting technologies.

A short characteristic was offered for materials processed by the traditional semi-continuous casting process, which uses the solidification

rates comprised in a range of 5 - 20⁰C/s, and for materials made in the process of Rapid Solidification, where the solidification rate can

reach 106 ⁰C/s. As a result of the casting process, a feedstock in the form of billets and thin strips was obtained and was subjected next

to the process of plastic forming. The article presents the results of structural analysis of the final product. The mechanical properties

of the ø7 mm extruded rods were also evaluated and compared.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944