A Method to Make Classification of the Heat Treatment Processes Performed on Bronze Using Incomplete Knowledge

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Application of information technology to the foundry industry ; Heat treatment ; Classification algorithms ; Rough sets ; Datamining

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The article describes the problem of selection of heat treatment parameters to obtain the required mechanical properties in heat- treated

bronzes. A methodology for the construction of a classification model based on rough set theory is presented. A model of this type allows

the construction of inference rules also in the case when our knowledge of the existing phenomena is incomplete, and this is situation

commonly encountered when new materials enter the market. In the case of new test materials, such as the grade of bronze described in

this article, we still lack full knowledge and the choice of heat treatment parameters is based on a fragmentary knowledge resulting from

experimental studies. The measurement results can be useful in building of a model, this model, however, cannot be deterministic, but can

only approximate the stochastic nature of phenomena. The use of rough set theory allows for efficient inference also in areas that are not

yet fully explored.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944