Multi-Criterion Assessment of Different Variants of Casts Manufacturing Processes

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 3

Publication authors


Application of information technology to the foundry industry ; Automation and robotics in foundry ; Multi-criterionassessment of variants ; Modelling and simulation of production processes

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The paper presents the issue of production processes improvement in foundries in the area of finishing treatment of iron casts

manufactured on automated foundry lines with vertical or horizontal mould division. Due to numerous factors which influence

the efficiency of the processes, multi-criterion assessment tools were proposed in order to select the optimal solution for the assumed

criteria. After determining the criteria weight using the Saaty method, a simulation experiment was designed and carried out which

presents possible scenarios of casts finishing treatment operations. Basing on experiment reports from a computer model, particular

solutions were evaluated using the Yager’s method. The evaluation of the experiment results was performed by experts who assessed

different options according to each of the criteria adopted. After the establishment of the total standardized ratings by averaging the scores

given by individual experts, the final decision was generated. Using the presented method, the best solution was chosen from among

the analyzed scenarios.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944