The Influence of Graphite Addition on the Abrasive Wear of AlMg10 Alloy Matrix Composites Reinforced with SiC Particles

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 3

Publication authors


Composites ; abrasive wear ; Hard SiC particles ; Soft Cgr particles ; Hardness of composite materials

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The presented work deals with the influence of the addition of soft graphite particles on the abrasive wear of composite reinforced with

hard SiC particles. The discussed hybrid composites were produced by stirring the liquid alloy and simultaneous adding the mixture of

particles. The adequately prepared suspension was gravity cast into a metal die. Both the composite castings obtained in this way and the

comparative castings produced of the pure matrix alloy were examined for the abrasive wear behaviour. Photomacrographs of the sliding

surfaces of the examined composites were taken, and also the hardness measurements were carried out. It was found that even a small

addition of Cgr particles influences positively the tribological properties of the examined composite materials, protecting the abraded

surface from the destructive action of silicon carbide particles. The work presents also the results of hardness measurements which confirm

that the composite material hardness increases with an increase in the volume fraction of hard reinforcing particles.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944