The Decision Support System in the Domain of Casting Defects Diagnosis

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 3

Publication authors


Application of information technology to the foundry industry ; Castings Defects ; diagnosis ; Case-Based Reasoning

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


This article presents a computer system for the identification of casting defects using the methodology of Case-Based Reasoning. The

system is a decision support tool in the diagnosis of defects in castings and is designed for small and medium-sized plants, where it is not

possible to take advantage of multi-criteria data. Without access to complete process data, the diagnosis of casting defects requires the use

of methods which process the information based on the experience and observations of a technologist responsible for the inspection of

ready castings. The problem, known and studied for a long time, was decided to be solved with a computer system using a CBR (CaseBased

Reasoning) methodology. The CBR methodology not only allows using expert knowledge accumulated in the implementation

phase, but also provides the system with an opportunity to "learn" by collecting new cases solved earlier by this system. The authors

present a solution to the system of inference based on the accumulated cases, in which the main principle of operation is searching for

similarities between the cases observed and cases stored in the knowledge base.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944