Evaluation of High-temperature Physicochemical Interactions Between the H282Alloy Melt and Ceramic Material of the Crucible

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 4

Publication authors


Nickel alloys ; Superalloys ; Melting ; Reactivity ; Metal/ceramic reaction ; Refractory materials

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Nickel alloys belong to the group of most resistant materials when used under the extreme operating conditions, including chemically

aggressive environment, high temperature, and high loads applied over a long period of time. Although in the global technology market

one can find several standard cast nickel alloys, the vast majority of components operating in machines and equipment are made from

alloys processed by the costly metalworking operations. Analysis of the available literature and own studies have shown that the use of

casting technology in the manufacture of components from nickel alloys poses a lot of difficulty. This is due to the adverse technological

properties of these alloys, like poor fluidity, high casting shrinkage, and above all, high reactivity of liquid metal with the atmospheric air

over the bath and with the ceramic material of both the crucible and foundry mold. The scale of these problems increases with the expected

growth of performance properties which these alloys should offer to the user.

This article presents the results of studies of physico-chemical interactions that occur between theH282alloy melt and selected refractory

ceramic materials commonly used in foundry. Own methodology for conducting micro-melts on a laboratory scale was elaborated and

discussed. The results obtained have revealed that the alumina-based ceramics exhibits greater reactivity in contact with the H282 alloy

melt than the materials based on zirconium compounds. In the conducted experiments, the ceramic materials based on zirconium silicate

have proved to be a much better choice than the zirconia-silica mixture. Regardless of the type of the ceramic materials used, the time and

temperature of their contact with the nickel alloy melt should always be limited to an absolutely necessary minimum required by the

technological regime.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944