Prediction of Secondary Dendrite Arm Spacing in Squeeze Casting Using Fuzzy Logic Based Approaches

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Squeeze casting process ; Secondary dendrite arm spacing ; Fuzzy logic ; Adaptive network based fuzzy interface system(ANFIS)

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The quality of the squeeze castings is significantly affected by secondary dendrite arm spacing, which is influenced by squeeze cast input

parameters. The relationships of secondary dendrite arm spacing with the input parameters, namely time delay, pressure duration, squeeze

pressure, pouring and die temperatures are complex in nature. The present research work focuses on the development of input-output

relationships using fuzzy logic approach. In fuzzy logic approach, squeeze cast process variables are expressed as a function of input

parameters and secondary dendrite arm spacing is expressed as an output parameter. It is important to note that two fuzzy logic based

approaches have been developed for the said problem. The first approach deals with the manually constructed mamdani based fuzzy

system and the second approach deals with automatic evolution of the Takagi and Sugeno’s fuzzy system. It is important to note that the

performance of the developed models is tested for both linear and non-linear type membership functions. In addition the developed models

were compared with the ten test cases which are different from those of training data. The developed fuzzy systems eliminates the need of

a number of trials in selection of most influential squeeze cast process parameters. This will reduce time and cost of trial experimentations.

The results showed that, all the developed models can be effectively used for making prediction. Further, the present research work will

help foundrymen to select parameters in squeeze casting to obtain the desired quality casting without much of time and resource



The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944