Tytuł artykułu

Porosity of Castings Produced by the Vacuum Assisted Pressure Die Casting Method

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

Innovative foundry technologies ; Aluminium alloys ; Vacuum assisted high pressure die casting ; Defects in pressure diecastings ; Porosity

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The paper presents the results of investigations concerning the influence of negative (relative) pressure in the die cavity of high pressure

die casting machine on the porosity of castings made of AlSi9Cu3 alloy. Examinations were carried out for the VertaCast cold chamber

vertical pressure die casting machine equipped with a vacuum system. Experiments were performed for three values of the applied gauge

pressure: -0.3 bar, -0.5 bar, and -0.7 bar, at constant values of other technological parameters, selected during the formerly carried initial

experiments. Porosity of castings was assessed on the basis of microstructure observation and the density measurements performed by the

method of hydrostatic weighing. The performed investigation allowed to find out that – for the examined pressure range – the porosity of

castings decreases linearly with an increase in the absolute value of negative pressure applied to the die cavity. The negative pressure value

of -0.7 bar allows to produce castings exhibiting porosity value less than 1%. Large blowholes arisen probably by occlusion of gaseous

phase during the injection of metal into the die cavity, were found in castings produced at the negative pressure value of -0.3 bar. These

blowholes are placed mostly in regions of local thermal centres and often accompanied by the discontinuities in the form of interdendritic

shrinkage micro-porosity. It was concluded that the high quality AlSi9Cu3 alloy castings able to work in elevated temperatures can be

achieved for the absolute value of the negative pressure applied to the die cavity greater than 0.5 bar at the applied set of other parameters

of pressure die casting machine work.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944