Contribution to the Identification of Porosity Type in AlSiCu High-Pressure-Die-Castings by Experimental and Virtual Way

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Al-Si alloys ; Gravity and high-pressure-die-castings ; Microstructure ; Gas and shrinkage porosity ; Process virtualization ; Complementary model validation

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The paper concerns the problem of discontinuity in high pressure die castings (HPDC). The compactness of their structure is not perfect, as

it is sometimes believed. The discontinuities present in these castings are the porosity as follow: shrinkage and gas (hydrogen and gas-air

occlusions) origin. The mixed gas and shrinkage nature of porosity makes it difficult to identify and indicate the dominant source. The

selected parameters of metallurgical quality of AlSi9Cu3 alloy before and after refining and the gravity castings samples (as DI - density

index method), were tested and evaluated. This alloy was served to cast the test casting by HPDC method. The penetrating testing (PT) and

metallographic study of both kinds of castings were realized. The application of the NF&S simulation system allowed virtually to indicate

the porosity zones at risk of a particular type in gravity and high-pressure-die-castings. The comparing of these results with the experiment

allowed to conclude about NF&S models validation. The validity of hypotheses concerning the mechanisms of formation and development

of porosity in HPDC casting were also analyzed.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944