The Use of Formal Knowledge Representation in Operating on Resources Concerning Cast Iron Processing

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Application of information technology to the foundry industry ; Automation and robotics in foundry ; Semantic analysis ; Semantic search

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The problem of materials selection in terms of their mechanical properties during the design of new products is a key issue of design. The

complexity of this process is mainly due to a multitude of variants in the previously produced materials and the possibility of their further

processing improving the properties. In everyday practice, the problem is solved basing on expert or designer knowledge. The paper is the

proposition of a solution using computer-aided analysis of material experimental data, which may be acquired from external data sources.

In both cases, taking into account the rapid growth of data, additional tools become increasingly important, mainly those which offer

support for adding, viewing, and simple comparison of different experiments. In this paper, the use of formal knowledge representation in

the form of an ontology is proposed as a bridge between physical repositories of data in the form of files and user queries, which are

usually formulated in natural language. The number and the sophisticated internal structure of attributes or parameters that could be the

criteria of the search for the user are an important issue in the traditional data search tools. Ontology, as a formal representation of

knowledge, enables taking into account the known relationships between concepts in the field of cast iron, materials used and processing

techniques. This allows the user to receive support by searching the results of experiments that relate to a specific material or processing

treatment. Automatic presentation of the results which relate to similar materials or similar processing treatments is also possible, which

should make the conducted analysis of the selection of materials or processing treatments more comprehensive by including a wider range

of possible solutions.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


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