Tytuł artykułu

Modeling and Analysis of Mechanical Properties in Structural Steel-DOE Approach

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 4

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

Structural steel ; Alloying elements ; Linear model

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The present work focuses on the modeling and analysis of mechanical properties of structural steel. The effect of major alloying elements

namely carbon, manganese and silicon has been investigated on mechanical properties of structural steel. Design of experiments is used to

develop linear models for the responses namely Yield strength, Ultimate tensile strength and Elongation. The experiments have been

conducted as per the full factorial design where all process variables are set at two levels. The main effect plots showed that the alloying

elements Manganese and Silicon have positive contribution on Ultimate tensile strength and Yield strength. However, Carbon and

Manganese showed more contribution as compared to Silicon. All three alloying elements are found to have negative contribution

towards the response- Elongation. The present work is found to be useful to control the mechanical properties of structural steel by varying

the major alloying elements. Minitab software has been used for statistical analysis. The linear regression models have been tested for the

statistical adequacy by utilizing ANOVA and statistical significance test. Further, the prediction capability of the developed models is

tested with the help of test cases. It is found that all linear regression models are found to be statistically adequate with good prediction

capability. The work is useful to foundrymen to choose alloying elements composition to get desirable mechanical properties.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944