Analysis of Temperature Field, Heat and Fluid Flow of Two-Phase Zone Continuous Casting Cu–Sn Alloy Wire

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Two-phase zone continuous casting ; Cu–Sn alloy ; Numerical simulation ; Temperature field ; Heat flow ; fluid flow

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Cu–4.7 wt. % Sn alloy wire with Ø10 mm was prepared by two-phase zone continuous casting technology, and the temperature field, heat

and fluid flow were investigated by the numerical simulated method. As the melting temperature, mold temperature, continuous casting

speed and cooling water temperature is 1200 °C, 1040 °C, 20 mm/min and 18 °C, respectively, the alloy temperature in the mold is in the

range of 720 °C–1081 °C, and the solid/liquid interface is in the mold. In the center of the mold, the heat flow direction is vertically

downward. At the upper wall of the mold, the heat flow direction is obliquely downward and deflects toward the mold, and at the lower

wall of the mold, the heat flow deflects toward the alloy. There is a complex circular flow in the mold. Liquid alloy flows downward along

the wall of the mold and flows upward in the center.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Li (1997), Numerical simulation of flow and temperature evolution during the initial phase of steady - state solidification Processing, Journal of Materials Technology, 71. ; Şahin (2006), Determination of unidirectional heat transfer coefficient during unsteady - state solidification at metal casting chill interface and, Energy Conversion Management, 47. ; Martorano (2000), Heat transfer coefficient at the metal mould interface in the unidirectional solidification of Cu Sn alloys of Heat and Mass Transfer, International Journal, 8, 43. ; Guan (2013), Effect of the casting temperature on temperature field and microstructure of alloy during an innovative continuous semisolid rolling process with a vibrating sloping plate device of Manufacturing, The International Journal Advanced Technology, 67. ; Zuo (2008), Study on the sump and temperature field during low frequency electromagnetic casting a superhigh strength Al Zn Mg Cu alloy Processing, Journal of Materials Technology, 197. ; Qu (2012), Influence of temperature field on the microstructure of low carbon microalloyed ferrite bainite dual - phase steel during heat treatment and, Materials Science Engineering, 536. ; Janik (2004), Modelling of three - dimensional temperature field inside the mould during continuous casting of steel Processing, Journal of Materials Technology, 157. ; Zhao (2010), Microstructure development of different orientated nickel - base single crystal superalloy in directional solidification, Materials Characterization, 61. ; Liu (2013), Columnar grains - covered small grains Cu - Sn alloy prepared by two - phase zone continuous casting in : Materials International, Progress Natural Science, 23, 94, ; Turchin (2005), Effect of melt flow on macro - and microstructure evolution during solidification of an Cu alloy and, Materials Science Engineering, 4, 413. ; Lu (2014), Simulation study on the centrifugal casting wet - type cylinder liner based on ProCAST Thermal, Applied Engineering, 73. ; Eck (2005), Measurement and simulation of temperature and velocity fields during the cooling of water in a die casting model and, Materials Science Engineering, 413. ; Kato (1978), Growth structures of wt pct Cu alloys with dendrite growth directions differing from the heat flow direction, Journal Metallurgical Transactions, 4, 9.