Effect of Sand Wetting on Physically Hardened Moulding Sands Containing a Selected Inorganic Binder. Part 1

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Publication authors


Foundry engineering ; Microwaves ; Water-glass ; Wetting ; Strength

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


In the paper, an attempt was made to evaluate the effect of preliminary wetting of high-silica base during preparation of moulding sands

containing a selected grade of sodium water-glass, designed for hardening by traditional drying or by electromagnetic microwaves at 2.45

GHz. In the research, some water was dosed during stirring the sandmix before adding 1.5 wt% of the binder that was unmodified sodium

water-glass grade 137, characterised by high molar module within 3.2 to 3.4. Scope of the examinations included determining the effect of

wetting the base on mechanical parameters like compression, bending and tensile strength, as well as on technological parameters like

permeability, abrasion resistance and apparent density. The research revealed a significant positive effect of adding water to wet surfaces

of high-silica base grains on mechanical properties and quality of moulding sands hardened by physical methods, in particular by

microwave heating


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Wang (2009), Properties of sodium silicate sand hardened by microwave heating, China Foundry, 6, 191.