Tytuł artykułu

Effect of Sand Wetting on Physically Hardened Moulding Sands Containing a Selected Inorganic Binder. Part 2

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 1

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

Foundry engineering ; Microwaves ; Hardening ; Moulding sand ; Water-glass

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


In the paper, an attempt is made to explain the previously observed increased effectiveness of utilising hydrated sodium water-glass grade

137 after hardening moulding sands with selected physical methods. In the modified process of preparing sandmixes, during stirring

components, water as a wetting additive was introduced to the sand-binder system. Presented are examination results of influence of faster

microwave heating and slower traditional drying of the so-prepared moulding sands on their tensile and bending strength, calculated per

weight fraction of the binder. The measurement results were confronted with SEM observations of linking bridges and with chemical

analyses of grain surfaces of high-silica base. On the grounds of comprehensive evaluation of hardened moulding sands, positive effects

were found of the applied physical process of binder dehydration and presence of the wetting additive. It was observed that introduction of

this additive during stirring, before adding the binder, improves flowing the binder to the places where durable linking bridges are created.

It was also found that the applied methods of hardening by dehydration enable creation of very durable linking bridges, strongly connected

with the sand base, which results in damages of high-silica grain surfaces, when the bridges are destroyed.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944


Wang (2009), Properties of sodium silicate sand hardened by microwave heating, China Foundry, 6, 191.