Analysis of Spent Moulding Sands with Binders of Various Thermal Degradations, in an Aspect of a Possibility of a Directional Mould Degassing

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Spent moulding sands ; Thermal analysis ; Organic binders ; Ignition loss

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


The results of investigations of spent moulding sands taken from the mould in which the metal core cooling system - to increase the

cooling rate of the ladle casting - was applied, are presented in the hereby paper. The changes of the spent moulding sand at the casting

external side being the result of degradation and destruction processes of organic binder, were analysed in this publication. Since the

reclaimed material, obtained as a result of the mechanical reclamation of spent sands of the same type, is used as a grain matrix of the

moulding sand, the amount of a binder left from the previous technological cycle is essential for the sound castings production. On the

bases of investigations of the thermal analysis, ignition losses, dusts contents and pH values of the samples taken from the spent sand the

conditions under which the process of gases displacing in the casting mould was realised as well as factors limiting the efficient mould

degassing - were considered in this study. The possible reason of a periodical occurrence of an increased number of casting defects due to

changing gas volume emission, being the reason of the realised technological process, was indicated.


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944