Effect of Different Variants of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of the AlSi17CuNiMg Alloy

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2

Publication authors


Heat treatment ; Homogenizing ; aluminum alloys ; mechanical properties ; Elongation

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Foundry Engineering continues the publishing activity started by Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) in Katowice in 1978. The initiator of it was the first Chairman Professor Dr Eng. Wacław Sakwa – Corresponding Member of PAN, Honorary Doctor of Czestochowa University of Technology and Silesian University of Technology. This periodical first name was „Solidification of Metals and Alloys” , and made possible to publish the results of works achieved in the field of the Basic Problems Research Cooperation. The subject of publications was related to the title of the periodical and concerned widely understand problems of metals and alloys crystallization in a casting mold. In 1978-2000 the 44 issues have been published. Since 2001 the Foundry Commission has had patronage of the annually published “Archives of Foundry” and since 2007 quarterly published “Archives of Foundry Engineering”. Thematic scope includes scientific issues of foundry industry:

  • Theoretical Aspects of Casting Processes,
  • Innovative Foundry Technologies and Materials,
  • Foundry Processes Computer Aiding,
  • Mechanization, Automation and Robotics in Foundry,
  • Transport Systems in Foundry,
  • Castings Quality Management,
  • Environmental Protection.


Dispersion hardening, as the main heat treatment of silumins having additions of copper and magnesium, results in considerable increase

of tensile strength and hardness, with simultaneous decrease of ductility of the alloy. In the paper is presented an attempt of introduction of

heat treatment operation consisting in homogenizing treatment prior operation of the dispersion hardening, to minimize negative effects of

the T6 heat treatment on plastic properties of hypereutectoidal AlSi17CuNiMg alloy. Tests of the mechanical properties were performed

on a test pieces poured in standardized metal moulds. Parameters of different variants of the heat treatment, i.e. temperature and time of

soaking for individual operations were selected basing on the ATD (Thermal Derivation Analysis) diagram and analysis of literature. The

homogenizing treatment significantly improves ductility of the alloy, resulting in a threefold increase of the elongation and more than

fourfold increase of the impact strength in comparison with initial state of the alloy. Moreover, the hardness and the tensile strength (Rm)

of the alloy decrease considerably. On the other hand, combination of the homogenizing and dispersion hardening enables increase of

elongation with about 40%, and increase of the impact strength with about 25%, comparing with these values after the T6 treatment,

maintaining high hardness and slight increase of the tensile strength, comparing with the alloy after the dispersion hardening


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 2299-2944