Modern-Day Demographic Processes in Central Europe and Their Potential Interactions with Climate Change

Journal title

Papers on Global Change IGBP




No 20

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki o Ziemi


<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The aim of this article is to evaluate the effect of contemporary transformations in the population of Central European countries on climate change, in addition to singling out the primary points of interaction between demographic processes and the climate. In analyzing the interactions between climate and demographics, we can formulate three basic hypotheses regarding the region in question: 1) as a result of current demographic trends in Central Europe, the influence of the region on its climate will probably diminish, 2) the importance of the “climatically displaced” in global migratory movements will increase, and some of those concerned will move to Central Europe, 3) the contribution of the region to global food security will increase.</jats:p><jats:p>In the last decade most of what comprises the region of Central Europe has reported a decline in population growth and a negative migration balance. As a process, this loss of population may have a positive effect on the environment and the climate. We can expect ongoing climate change to intensify migration processes, particularly from countries outside Europe. Interactions between climate and demographic processes can also be viewed in the context of food security. The global warming most sources foresee for the coming decades is the process most likely to result in spatial polarization of food production in agriculture. Central Europe will then face the challenge of assuring and improving food security, albeit this time on a global scale.</jats:p>


Polish Academy of Sciences




ISSN 1730-802X


McMichael (2006), Climate change and human health : current and future risks, Lancet, 367.