Details

Title

Echinoids from the Chlamys Ledge Member (Polonez Cove Formation, Oligocene) of King George Island, West Antarctica

Journal title

Polish Polar Research

Yearbook

2014

Numer

No 3

Publication authors

Keywords

Antarctica ; South Shetlands ; Cenozoic ; echinoids ; Caenopedina ; Abatus ; new species

Divisions of PAS

Nauki o Ziemi

Coverage

455-467

Abstract

New echinoid material from the Oligocene Chlamys Ledge Member (uppermost part of the Polonez Cove Formation) on King George Island, West Antarctica, includes the “regular” echinoid Caenopedina aleksandrabitnerae sp. n. and poorly preserved spatangoids, here tentatively identified as members of the genus Abatus . Caenopedina aleksandrabitnerae sp. n. is characterized by fully tuberculate genital plates, which sets it apart from most other species in the genus, by the uneven periproctal margin which indicates that periproctal plates were incorporated into the apical disc, and by moderately wide interambulacral plates with a height/width ratio of 1:3. Among the modern Caenopedina species it is closest to the Australian and New Zealand representatives, which is in contrast to previous reviews of Cenozoic Antarctic echinoid faunas that suggested limited relationship to the Australasian region. This is the first record of Caenopedina from Antarctica; it considerably extends its historical distribution to the south.

Publisher

Polish Academy of Sciences ; Committee on Polar Research

Date

2014

Type

Artykuły / Articles

Identifier

ISSN 0138-0338 ; eISSN 2081-8262

DOI

10.2478/popore−2014−0024

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