Radiation balance diversity on NW Spitsbergen in 2010–2014

Journal title

Polish Polar Research




vol. 38


No 1

Publication authors


albedo ; Arctic ; solar radiation ; Svalbard ; topoclimate

Divisions of PAS

Nauki o Ziemi




This article presents the results of observations of selected fluxes of the radiation balance in north-western Spitsbergen in the years from 2010 to 2014. Measurements were taken in Ny-Ålesund and in the area of Kaffiøyra, on different surface types occurring in the Polar zone: moraine, tundra, snow and ice. Substantial differences in the radiation balance among the various types of surface were observed. The observations carried out in the summer seasons of 2010-2014 in the area of Kaffiøyra demonstrated that the considerable reflection of solar radiation on the Waldemar Glacier (albedo 55%) resulted in a smaller solar energy net income. During the polar day, a diurnal course of the components of the radiation balance was apparently related to the solar elevation angle. When the sun was low over the horizon, the radiation balance became negative, especially on the glacier. Diurnal, annual and multi-annual variations in the radiation balance have a significant influence on the functioning of the environment in polar conditions.


Committee on Polar Research ; Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 0138-0338 ; eISSN 2081-8262


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