Details

Title

Speech Recognition in an Enclosure with a Long Reverberation Time

Journal title

Archives of Acoustics

Yearbook

2016

Numer

No 2

Publication authors

Keywords

speech intelligibility; speech recognition; sentence test; reverberation time; clarity; speech transmission index

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne

Abstract

The aim of this work was to measure subjective speech intelligibility in an enclosure with a long reverberation time and comparison of these results with objective parameters. Impulse Responses (IRs) were first determined with a dummy head in different measurement points of the enclosure. The following objective parameters were calculated with Dirac 4.1 software: Reverberation Time (RT), Early Decay Time (EDT), weighted Clarity (C50) and Speech Transmission Index (STI). For the chosen measurement points, a convolution of the IRs with the Polish Sentence Test (PST) and logatome tests was made. PST was presented at a background of a babble noise and speech reception threshold – SRT (i.e. SNR yielding 50% speech intelligibility) for those points were evaluated. A relationship of the sentence and logatome recognition vs. STI was determined. It was found that the final SRT data are well correlated with speech transmission index (STI), and can be expressed by a psychometric function. The difference between SRT determined in condition without reverberation and in reverberation conditions appeared to be a good measure of the effect of reverberation on speech intelligibility in a room. In addition, speech intelligibility, with and without use of the sound amplification system installed in the enclosure, was compared.

Publisher

Committee on Acoustics PAS, PAS Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Acoustical Society

Identifier

ISSN 0137-5075 ; eISSN 2300-262X

DOI

10.1515/aoa-2016-0025

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