Details

Title

A Low Ratio of Red/Far-Red in the Light Spectrum Accelerates Senescence in Nest Leaves of Platycerium Bifurcatum

Journal title

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

Yearbook

2017

Numer

No 2

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze

Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p> The fern Platycerium bifurcatum is a valuable component of the flora of tropical forests, where degradation of local ecosystems and changes in lighting conditions occur due to the increasing anthropogenic pressure. In ferns, phytochrome mechanism responsible for the response to changes in the value of R/FR differs from the mechanism observed in spermatophytes. This study analyzed the course of ontogenesis of nest leaves in P. bifurcatum at two values of the R/FR ratio, corresponding to shadow conditions (low R/FR) and intense insolation (high R/FR). The work used only non-destructive research analysis, such as measurements of reflectance of radiation from the leaves, their blue-green and red fluorescence, and the chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics. This allowed tracing the development and aging processes in the same leaves. Nest leaves are characterized by short, intense growth and rapid senescence. The study identified four stages of development of the studied leaves related to morphological and anatomical structure and changing photochemical efficiency of PSII. Under the high R/FR ratio, the rate of ontogenesis of the leaf lamina was much slower than under the low R/FR value. As shown, the rapid aging of the leaves was correlated with faster decline of the chlorophyll content. It was shown that leaf senescence was accompanied by accumulation of polyphenols, anthocyanins and carotenoids on the basis of reflectance and fluorescence measurements in the blue-green range.</jats:p>

Publisher

Biological Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences – Cracow Branch

Date

2017

Identifier

ISSN 0001-5296 ; eISSN 1898-0295

References

KELLY (2003), NM Spectral absorption features as indicators of water status in coast live oak agrifolia leaves, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, 1799. ; BUTT (1985), VS Oxygenation and oxidation in the metabolism of aromatic compounds of the of, Annual Proceedings Phytochemical Society Europe, 25, 349. ; VAUGHN (1984), SO Function of polyphenol oxidase in higher plants, Physiologia Plantarum, 60. ; PEÑUELAS (1993), SAVE The Reflectance at the region as an indicator of plant water status, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14, 950. ; HALL (1999), DO Photosynthesis sixth edition University, null. ; KODIS (2004), Light harvesting and photoprotective functions of carotenoids in compact artificial photosynthetic antenna designs of, Journal Physical Chemistry, 108. ; ROUSSEAUX (2000), Basal leaf senescence in a sunflower annuus canopy Responses to increased FR ratio, Physiologia Plantarum, 110. ; KRAEPIEL (2001), The growth of tomato esculentum Mill hypocotyls in the light and in darkness differentially involves auxin, Plant Science, 161. ; RÖSLER (2010), ZEIDLER phytochrome action and, Plant Cell Physiology, 1248. ; SERRANO (2000), Deriving water content of chaparral vegetation from AVIRIS data of, Remote Sensing Environment, 570. ; STREB (1993), FEIERABEND Sensitivity to photodamage increases during senescence in excised leaves of, Journal Plant Physiology, 141. ; LICHTENTHALER (1997), Fluorescence imaging as a diagnostic tool for plant stress Trends in Plant, Sciences, 316. ; LICHTENTHALER (1998), wall bound ferulic acid the major substance of the blue - green fluorescence emission of plants of, Cell Journal Plant Physiology, 152. ; BEHERA (1990), senescence in fern : effect of duration intensity and quality of light and, Environmental Experimental Botany, 30, 181. ; LU (1998), Changes in photosystem II function during senescence of wheat leaves, Physiologia Plantarum, 239. ; KIRCHER (1999), Light quality - dependent nuclear import of the plant photoreceptors phytochrome, Plant Cell, 11, 1445. ; STOBER (1992), Changes of the laserinduced blue green and red fluorescence signatures during greening of etiolated leaves of wheat, Plant Physiology, 140. ; YAMAGUCHI (1999), Light - dependent translocation of a phytochrome GFP fusion protein to the nucleus in transgenic Arabidopsis of, Journal Cell Biology, 145. ; STRASSER (2004), of the chlorophyll a fluorescence transient In ed Chlorophyll a fluorescence signature of photosynthesis, Analysis, 321. ; HOCH (2001), BH Physiological significance of anthocyanins during autumnal leaf senescence, Tree Physiology, 21, 1. ; NADKARNI (2004), NM The nature of forest canopy In MD ed Canopies Academic, USA, 3. ; PONTING (1997), PAS a multifunctional domain family comes to light, Current Biology, 674. ; STRASSER (2000), The fluorescence transient as a tool to characterize and screen photosynthetic samples In ed Probing photosynthesis mechanism regulation and adaptation Chapter, null, 25, 443. ; BISWAL (1984), of leaf senescence and, Photochemistry Photobiology, 39. ; BRIGGS (2001), Photoreceptors in plant photomorphogenesis to date : five phytochromes two cryptochromes one phototropin and one superchrome, Plant Physiology, 125, 85. ; EULLAFFROY (2003), The chlorophyll fluorescence ratio : a potential tool for rapid detection and determination of herbicide phytotoxicity in algae, Water Research, 684. ; MERZLYAK (2003), Application of reflectance spectroscopy for analysis of higher plant pigments, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 785. ; KADOTA (1999), Red light - aphototropic rap mutants lack red light - induced chloroplast relocation movement in the fern Adiantum capillus - veneris and, Plant Cell Physiology, 238. ; MERZLYAK (1997), Reflectance spectra of plant leaves and fruits during their development senescence and under stress, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 614. ; GITELSON (2002), ZUR OB Assessing carotenoid content in plant leaves with reflectance spectroscopy and, Photochemistry Photobiology, 272. ; KENDRICK (1994), RE Photomorphogenesis in plants Publishers Dordrecht, null. ; GITELSON (2001), OB Optical properties and nondestructive estimation of anthocyanin content in plant leaves and, Photochemistry Photobiology, 71, 38. ; SKINNER (1993), Modulation of leaf elongation tiller appearance and tiller senescence in spring barley by far - red light and, Plant Cell Environment, 16, 555. ; GITELSON (1998), BUSCHMANN chlorophyll fluorescence corrected for re - absorption by means of absorption and reflectance measurements of, Journal Plant Physiology, 152. ; CASTRO (2011), Relationship between photochemical efficiency Test Parameters and portable chlorophyll meter readings in papaya plants of, Journal Plant Physiology, 23, 295. ; ARAUS (2001), Recent tools for the screening of physiological traits determining yield In ed Application of physiology in wheat breeding, null, 59. ; BJÖRKMAN (1987), yield of evolution and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics at among vascular plants of diverse origins, Photon Planta, 77. ; SCHAEFER (2006), Photomorphogenesis in plants and bacteria Function and signal transduction mechanism rd, Edition. ; WEAVER (2001), Senescence is induced in individually darkened Arabidopsis leaves but inhibited in whole darkened plants, Plant Physiology, 127. ; MERZLYAK (1990), CHIVKUNOVA OB Reflectance spectra of potato tuber discs as related to wounding infection with Phytophthora infestans and treatment with arachidonic acid, Soil Science Bulletin, 1. ; GAMON (1999), Assessing leaf pigment content and activity with a reflectometer, New Phytologist, 143. ; SIMS (2003), DA Estimation of vegetation water content and photosynthetic tissue area from spectral reflectance : a comparison of indices based on liquid water and chlorophyll absorption features of, Remote Sensing Environment, 526. ; STOBER (1993), Characterisation of the laser - induced blue green and red fluorescence signatures of leaves of wheat and soybean leaves grown under different irradiance, Physiologia Plantarum, 696. ; BISWAL (1995), Carotenoid catabolism during leaf senescence and its control by light and Biology, Photochemistry Photobiology, 30. ; NEFF (2000), Light an indicator of time and place Genes, Development, 14, 257. ; OLIWA (2016), Morphogenesis of sporotrophophyll leaves in Platycerium bifurcatum depends on the red / far - red ratio in the light spectrum, Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 247. ; PEÑUELAS (1998), Visible and near - infrared reflectance techniques for diagnosing plant physiological status in, Trends Plant Science, 151. ; FALQUETO (2010), AR Chlorophyll fluorescence in rice : probing of senescence driven changes of PSII activity on rice varieties differing in grain yield capacity of, AM Journal Plant Physiology, 22. ; CAUSIN (2006), The effect of light spectral quality on leaf senescence and oxidative stress in wheat, Plant Science, 171. ; MAXWELL (2000), Chlorophyll fluorescence - a practical guide of, Journal Experimental Botany, 659. ; FEILD (2001), Why leaves turn red in autumn The role of anthocyanins in senescing leaves of red - osier dogwood, Plant Physiology, 127. ; WADA (1988), photoorientation in enucleate fern protonemata and, Plant Cell Physiology, 29, 1227. ; JEDYNAK (2014), Light regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis in angiosperm plants : the role of photoreceptors and the photomorphogenesis repressor COP In eds pigments chemical structure biological function and, ecology, 1. ; PETERMAN (1997), Xanthophylls in light - harvesting complex II of higher plants : light harvesting and triplet quenching, Biochemistry, 12208. ; BILGER (2001), UV - excited chlorophyll fluorescence as a tool for the assessment of UV - protection by the epidermis of plants of, Journal Experimental Botany, 2007. ; STEELE (2009), Nondestructive estimation of anthocyanin content in grapevine leaves of and, American Journal Enology Viticulture, 60. ; CHIVKUNOVA (2001), OB IV Reflectance spectral features and detection of superficial scald - induced browning in storing apple fruit of, Journal Phytopathology, 73. ; LINKE (2008), Occurrence of repeated drought events : can repetitive stress situations and recovery from drought be traced with leaf reflectance, Periodicum Biologorum, 110. ; COONEY (null), CO Functional significance of anthocyanins in peduncles of Sambucus nigra and, Environmental Experimental Botany, 2015. ; KULA (2016), Far reddependent changes in the chemical composition of Spirulina platensis of Life, Engineering Science, 16, 777. ; SCHWEIGER (1996), Differences in fluorescence excitation spectra of leaves between stressed and non - stressed plants of, Journal Plant Physiology, 148. ; ANDERSON (null), Early autumn senescence in red maple rubrum is associated with high leaf anthocyanin content Plants, null, 2015. ; BUKHOV (1997), senescence an evaluation of limiting steps in photosynthesis by means of chlorophyll fluorescence - quenching coefficients and redox changes in leaves, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 700. ; LICHTENTHALER (1998), BUSCHMANN Principles and characteristics of multi - colour fluorescence imaging of plants of, Journal Plant Physiology, 152. ; MORAN (2000), Differentiation among effects of nitrogen fertilization treatments on conifer seedlings by foliar reflectance : a comparison of methods, Tree Physiology, 20, 1113. ; KAWAI (2003), Responses of ferns to red light are mediated by an unconventional photoreceptor, Nature, 421. ; PEREIRA (2000), WE CA Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in four citrus rootstocks under aluminium stress of, Journal Plant Physiology, 157. ; LEE (2002), in autumn leaf senescence in, Advances Botanical Research, 37. ; SOLOVCHENKO (2010), Quantification of screening pigments and their efficiency in situ In ed Photoprotection in plants in Biophysics Verlag, null, 14.

DOI

10.1515/abcsb-2017-0011

×