Distortion in Electrodynamic Loudspeakers Caused by Force Factor Variations

Journal title

Archives of Acoustics




vol. 36


No 4

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Acoustics is an English-language peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing original research papers from all areas of acoustics and abstracts from some specialised acoustical conferences. It gives free internet access to its full content (abstracts of research papers) to current issues.

Archives of Acoustics, the peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishes original research papers from all areas of acoustics like:

  • acoustical measurements and instrumentation,
  • acoustics of musics,
  • acousto-optics,
  • architectural, building and environmental acoustics,
  • bioacoustics,
  • electroacoustics,
  • linear and nonlinear acoustics,
  • noise and vibration,
  • physical and chemical effects of sound,
  • physiological acoustics,
  • psychoacoustics,
  • quantum acoustics,
  • speech processing and communication systems,
  • speech production and perception,
  • transducers,
  • ultrasonics,
  • underwater acoustics.

Earlier issues are available on the old website


Committee on Acoustics PAS, PAS Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Acoustical Society




ISSN 0137-5075 ; eISSN 2300-262X


Czerwinski E. (2001), Multitone testing of sound system components-some results and conclusion, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 49, 11, 1011. ; Dobrucki A. (1988), Constant component of the loudspeaker diaphragm displacement caused by nonlinearities. ; Dobrucki A. (1994), Nontypical effects in an electrodynamic loudspeaker with a nonhomogeneous magnetic field in the air gap and nonlinear suspension, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 42, 565. ; Gander M. (1986), Dynamic linearity and power compression in moving-coil loudspeaker, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 627. ; Klippel W. (2001), Speaker auralisation subjective evaluation of nonlinear distortion, null. ; Klippel W. (2006), Loudspeaker nonlinearities - cause, parameters, symptoms, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 54, 907. ; Merit B. (2009), Motor nonlinearities in electrodynamic loudspeakers: modelling and measurement, Archives of Acoustics, 34, 4, 407. ; Ravaud R. (2010), Ranking of the nonlinearities of electrodynamic loudspeaker, Archives of Acoustics, 35, 1, 49, ; Ravaud R. (2009), Time-varying non linear modeling of electrodynamic loudspeakers, Applied Acoustics, 70, 3, 450, ; Small R. (1972), Direct radiator loudspeaker system analysis, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 20, 383. ; Small R.H. (1984), <i>Loudspeaker large-signal limitations</i>, Number 2102, AES Australian Regional Convention. ; Thiele A. (1978), Loudspeakers in vented boxes: Part 1 and 2, 1. ; Vanderkooy J. (1989), A model of loudspeaker driver impedance incorporating eddy currents in the pole structure, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 37, 119. ; Voishvillo A. (2004), Graphing, interpretation, and comparison of results of loudspeaker nonlinear distortion measurements, J. Audio Eng. Soc, 52, 4, 332.