Details

Title

Styles of coping and the level of dogmatism in utterance texts as an indicator of anxiety in situations of social exposure

Journal title

Polish Psychological Bulletin

Yearbook

2016

Numer

No 4

Publication authors

Keywords

General Psychology

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Humanistyczne i Społeczne

Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>A study was carried out involving persons representing high-anxious, low-anxious and repressor types according to the classification of Weinberger, Davidson &amp; Schwartz (1979), selected using the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the trait anxiety scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. In seeking indicators of anxiety in repressors and high-anxious groups, the authors decided to analyse the level of dogmatism observed in utterance texts. The research was intended to determine whether styles of coping with threatening stimuli condition the level of dogmatism, which was regarded as a cognitive defence mechanism against anxiety. The method of formal analysis of texts (speeches given by the participants in a situation of social exposure) was used to identify their level of dogmatism, measured using the Dogmatism Quotient developed by Ertel. The highest value of the Dogmatism Quotient was recorded for repressors, and the lowest for the low-anxious subjects; a similar pattern was also observed for certain particular dimensions of dogmatism. Statistically significant differences in the level of dogmatism were found between the repressor and lowanxious groups and between the high-anxious and low-anxious groups. The study confirmed the previously discovered pattern whereby repressors exhibit more similarities to high-anxious than to low-anxious persons.</jats:p>

Publisher

Committee for Psychological Science PAS

Date

2016

Identifier

ISSN 0079-2993

DOI

10.1515/ppb-2016-0047

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