Coal Char Kinetics of Oxidation and Gasification Reactions
Divisions of PAS
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In the maximum of 200 words the authors should present the main assumptions, results and conclusions drawn from the presented study.</li> <li><strong>Keywords</strong>– Up to 5 characteristic keyword items should be provided.</li> <li><strong>Text</strong> <ol style="list-style-type: lower-alpha;"> <li>Introduction. In this part, description of motivation for the study and formulation of the scientific problem should be included and supported by a concise review of recent literature.</li> <li>Main text. It should contain all important elements of the scientific investigations, such as presentation of experimental rigs, mathematical models, results and their discussion. This part may be divided into subchapters.</li> <li>Conclusions. The major conclusions can be put forward in concise style in a separate chapter. Presentation of conclusions from the reported research work accompanied by a short commentary is also acceptable.</li> Figures: drawings, diagrams and photographs can be in colour and should be located in appropriate places in the manuscript text according to the template provided on the <a href="http://www.chpe.pl">www.chpe.pl</a> page. Their graphical form should be of vector or raster type with the minimum resolution of 900 dpi. In addition, separate files containing each of the drawings, graphs and photos should be uploaded onto the journal Web site in one of the following formats: bmp, gif, tiff, jpg, eps. Due to rigid editorial reasons, graphical elements created within MS Word and Excel are not acceptable. The final length of figures should be intended typically for 8 cm (single column) or 16 cm in special cases of rich-detail figures. The basic font size of letters in figures should be at least 10 pts after adjusting graphs to the final length. </ol> <p>Figures: drawings, diagrams and photographs should be in gray scale. In case of coloured graphs or photo an additional payment of 300 PLN (72 €) per 1 page containing coloured figures on both sides, or 150 PLN (36 €) per page containing coloured figures on one side will be required.</p> Tables should be made according to the format shown in the template.</li> <br> All figures and tables should be numbered and provided with appropriate title and legend, if necessary. They have to be properly referenced to and commented in the text of the manuscript.<br> <br> <li><strong>List of symbols </strong>should be accompanied by their units</li> <li><strong>Acknowledgements</strong> may be included before the list of literature references</li> <li><strong>Literature citations</strong></li> </ol> </ol> </ol> </ol> <p> </p> <p>The method of quoting literature source in the manuscript depends on the number of its authors:</p> <ul> <li>single author – their surname and year of publication should be given, e.g. Marquardt (1996) or (Marquardt, 1996),</li> <li>two authors – the two surnames separated by the conjunction “and” with the publication year should be given, e.g. Charpentier and McKenna (2004) or (Charpentier and McKenna, 2004),</li> <li>three and more authors – the surname of the first author followed by the abbreviation “et al.” and year of publication should be given, e.g. Bird et al. (1960) or (Bird et al., 1960).</li> </ul> <p>In the case of citing more sources in one bracket, they should be listed in alphabetical order using semicolon for separation, e.g. (Bird et al., 1960; Charpentier and McKenna, 2004; Marquardt, 1996). Should more citations of the same author(s) and year appear in the manuscript then letters “a, b, c, ...” should be successively applied after the publication year.</p> <p>Bibliographic data of the quoted literature should be arranged at the end of the manuscript text in alphabetic order of surnames of the first author. It is obligatory to indicate the DOI number of those literature items, which have the numbers already assigned. Journal titles should be specified by typingtheir right abbreviationsor, in case of doubts, according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations available at <a href="http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php.">http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php.</a></p> <p><strong>Examples of citation for:</strong></p> <p><strong>Articles</strong><br> Charpentier J. C., McKenna T. F., 2004.Managing complex systems: some trends for the future of chemical and process engineering. Chem. Eng. Sci., 59, 1617-1640. DOI: <a target="_blank" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2004.01.044">10.1016/j.ces.2004.01.044</a>.</p> <p><strong>Information from books</strong> (we suggest adding the page numbers where the quoted information can be found)<br> Bird R. B., Stewart W.E., Lightfood E.N., 2002. Transport Phenomena. 2nd edition, Wiley, New York, 415-421.</p> <p><strong>Chapters in books</strong><br> Hanjalić K., Jakirlić S., 2002. Second-moment turbulence closure modelling, In: Launder B.E., Sandham N.D. (Eds.), Closure strategies for turbulent and transitional flows. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 47-101.</p> <p><strong>Conferences</strong><br> ten Cate A., Bermingham S.K., Derksen J.J., Kramer H.M.J., 2000. Compartmental modeling of an 1100L DTB crystallizer based on Large Eddy flow simulation. 10th European Conference on Mixing. Delft, the Netherlands, 2-5 July 2000, 255-264.</p> <p><strong>8. Payments </strong></p> <p>Starting from 2014 a principle of publishing articles against payment is introduced, assuming non-profit making editorial office. According to the principle authors or institutions employing them, will have to cover the expenses amounting to 40 PLN (or 10 €) per printed page. The above amount will be used to supplement the limited financial means received from the Polish Academy of Sciences for the editorial and publishing; and in particular to increase the capacity of the next CPE volumes and to proofread the linguistic correctness of the articles. The method of payment will be indicated in an invoice sent to the authors or institutions after acceptance of their manuscripts to be published. In justifiable cases presented in writing, the editorial staff may decide to relieve authors from basic payment, either partially or fully. All correspondence should be sent to Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Andrzej K. Biń, email address: <a href="mailto:email@example.com">firstname.lastname@example.org</a>.</p> <br> </body>
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