Petrographic composition and forms of bituminous coal lithotypes in the Upper Carboniferous Formations of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin

Journal title

Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi - Mineral Resources Management




No 3

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Bituminous coal samples were collected from mine excavations of six mines in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. I n the mentioned mining excavations, the stratighaphic sections, in the form of spot samples, were measured. Based on the macroscopic and microscopic observation, an attempt was made to determine the different lithotypes of coal. Vitrain coal is made of tellinite and collotelinite; the thickness of the layers varies from very thin, thin, medium, to coarse. Durain, which is dominated by macerals from the vitrinite group, is characterized by a darker, almost black color, genetically linked to heavily flooded peat areas, where the deposited phytogenic material is subjected to humification and gelification processes. A brighter durain, with a dark gray color, is dominated by macerals from the inertinite group that originated in the shallower areas of peat bogs where the water level was periodically lowered, which has led to the oxidation of the material deposited in the peat bog. Fusain is another coal component or constituent; it is produced as a result of peat bog fires. It is a charred (not burned) material deposited in the form of layers, lenses, usually with a thickness of up to several millimeters (or, less commonly, several centimeters), or dispersed in the form of shreds in the durain. The petrographic composition is dominated by fusinite and inertodetrinite. Fusain occurs in two varieties: soft (empty cellular spaces) and hard, usually mineralized with carbonates (siderite) or sulphides (pyrite, marcasite). The structure of bituminous coal is, due to its origin, most often laminated and consists of alternating dull and bright layers. Occasionally, such layering can be observed in bright coal, which is the result of layering of large parts of gelified plant materials. When it comes to larger sections of dull coal (without bright coal) in the profile, a solid structure can be observed. Some of the sections in the coal seam profiles show a distorted structure; warped, sometimes shredded layers of vitrain in durain, often containing lenses or shreds of fusain, can be observed.</jats:p>


Komitet Zrównoważonej Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi PAN ; Instytut Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energią PAN




ISSN 0860-0953