The National Lottery was established in the Free City of Kraków (1815–1846) by the Representative Assembly in 1821. It was the source of revenue for the treasury and was leased to a private entrepreneur, Florian Straszewski, known for having contributed to the creation of the Planty Park in Kraków. The lottery was divided class and numerical lotteries, each of which was organised according to different regulations, but with the same lottery administrator (Directorate of the Lottery). It was supervised by the city Senate. The latter issued several laws which regulated the organisation and functioning of the Directory of the Lottery, the sale points, and State Commissioners who were involved in the lottery drawings. The article also discusses the conditions of a typical contract signed with F. Straszewski and the “Plan loterii klasowej” (Plan of the Class Lottery) of 1840. The National Lottery functioned between 1822–1844.