Tytuł artykułuFailure control of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and selectivity of their natural enemies to different insecticides
Tytuł czasopismaJournal of Plant Protection Research
Słowa kluczoweBrassica crops ; diamondback moth ; insecticide selectivity ; natural enemies ; biological control
Wydział PANNauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze
4 issues per year.
The online version of Journal of Plant Protection Research (JPPR) is the original one.
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Journal of Plant Protection Research is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes original papers, rapid communications, reviews, covering all areas of plant protection. Subjects include phytopathological virology, bacteriology, mycology and applied nematology and entomology as well as topics on protecting crop plants and stocks of crop products against diseases, viruses, weeds etc.
The Journal is published by Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute and Committee on Agronomic Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences. By 1997 under the title Prace Naukowe Instytutu Ochrony Roślin and Annals of Agricultural Sciences - Series E - Plant Protection).
JPPR publishes original research papers, rapid communications, critical reviews, and book reviews covering all areas of modern plant protection. Subjects include phytopathological virology, bacteriology, mycology and applied nematology and entomology as well as topics on protecting crop plants and stocks of crop products against diseases, viruses, weeds etc. We publish papers which use an interdisciplinary approach showing how different control strategies can be integrated into pest management programmes, which cover high and low input agricultural systems worldwide, within the framework of ecologically sound and economically responsible land cultivation.
Relevant topics include: advanced methods of diagnostic, and computer-assisted diagnostic plant research and new findings, biological methods of plant protection, selective chemical methods of plant protection, the effects of plant-protecting agents and their toxicology, methods to induce and utilize crop resistance, application techniques, and economic aspects of plant protection.
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AbstraktControl failure of pests and selectivity of insecticides to beneficial arthropods are key data for the implementation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the control failure likelihood of Plutella xylostella and the physiological selectivity active ingredients to parasitoid Oomyzus sokolowskii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) and to predators Polybia scutellaris (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) and Lasiochilus sp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). In bioassays, P. xylostella larvae and O. sokolowskii, P. scutellaris and Lasiochilus sp. adults were used. Concentration-mortality curves of six insecticides for P. xylostella were established. These curves were used to estimate the mortality of P. xylostella at the recommended concentration, in order to check a control failure of insecticides to this pest. Furthermore, the lethal concentration for 90% of populations (LC90) and the half of LC90 were used in bioassays with the natural enemies to determine the selectivity of these insects to insecticides. All tested insecticides showed control failure to P. xylostella, indicated by high LC90 and low estimated mortalities (less than 80%). The cartap insecticide was selective in half of LC90 to Lasiochilus sp. and moderately selective in LC90 and the half of LC90, to Lasiochilus sp. and P. scutellaris, respectively. Deltamethrin was moderately selective in the half of LC90 to predator Lasiochilus sp. Cartap, carbaryl, and deltamethrin reduced the mortality of Lasiochilus sp. in the half LC90. The results also showed that the insecticides methamidophos, carbaryl, parathion methyl and permethrin were not selective to any of the tested natural enemies. The role of insecticides in IPM systems of Brassica crops is discussed based on their control failures to P. xylostella and selectivity to their natural enemies.
WydawcaCommittee of Plant Protection PAS ; Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute
TypArtykuły / Articles
IdentyfikatoreISSN 1899–007X ; ISSN 1427–4345