Tytuł artykułuShearer Control Algorithm and Identification of Control Parameters
Tytuł czasopismaArchives of Mining Sciences
Słowa kluczowemine ventilation ; methane hazard ; longwall mining ; controll of shearer operation ; monitoring system
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This paper describes the concept of controlling the advancement speed of the shearer, the objective
of which is to eliminate switching the devices off to the devices in the longwall and in the adjacent
galleries. This is connected with the threshold limit value of 2% for the methane concentration in the
air stream flowing out from the longwall heading, or 1% methane in the air flowing to the longwall.
Equations were formulated which represent the emission of methane from the mined body of coal in the
longwall and from the winnings on the conveyors in order to develop the numerical procedures enabling
a computer simulation of the mining process with a longwall shearer and haulage of the winnings. The
distribution model of air, methane and firedamp, and the model of the goaf and a methanometry method
which already exist in the Ventgraph-Plus programme, and the model of the methane emission from the
mined longwall body of coal, together with the model of the methane emission from the winnings on
conveyors and the model of the logic circuit to calculate the required advancement speed of the shearer
together all form a set that enables simulations of the control used for a longwall shearer in the mining
process. This simulation provides a means for making a comparison of the output of the mining in the
case of work using a control system for the speed advancement of the shearer and the mining performance
without this circuit in a situation when switching the devices off occurs as a consequence of exceeding
the 2% threshold limit value of the methane concentration. The algorithm to control a shearer developed
for a computer simulation considers a simpler case, where the logic circuit only employs the methane
concentration signal from a methane detector situated in the longwall gallery close to the longwall outlet.
WydawcaCommittee of Mining PAS
TypArtykuły / Articles