Tytuł artykułu

Assessing Geological and Mining Condition Nuisance and its Impact on the Cost of Exploitation in Hard Coal Mines with the Use of a Multi-Criterion Method

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Mining Sciences




vol. 63


No 3

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

coal deposits ; hard coal mining ; Hierarchical Problem Analysis AHP ; nuisance to the mining process conditions ; costs of mining

Wydział PAN

Nauki o Ziemi




Archives of Mining Sciences (AMS) publish research results of wide interest in all fields of mining sciences which include: rock mechanics, mining engineering, mineral processing, geotechnical engineering and tunnelling, mining and engineering geology, minig geodesy and geophysics, ventilation systems, environmental protection in mining and economical aspects in mining.

The journal established by the Polish Academy of Sciences, has been regularly issued since 1956. It enable collaboration and exchange of ideas between researchers from different countries as well as provides forum for the publication of high quality papers.

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IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.629, 5-year: 0,706

Score of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education = 20


This article presents the use of a multi-criterion Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method to assess

geological and mining condition nuisance in longwall mining operations in selected coal mines in Poland.

For this purpose, a methodology has been developed which was used to calculate the operational nuisance

indicator (WUe) in relation to the cost of mining coal in individual longwalls. Components of the aggregate

operational nuisance indicator include four sub-indicators: the natural hazards indicator (UZN), an

indicator describing the seam parameters (UPZ), an indicator describing the technical parameters (UT)

and an environmental impact indicator (UŚ). In total, the impact of 28 different criteria, which formed

particular components of the nuisance indicators were analysed. In total 471 longwalls in 11 coal mines

were analysed, including 277 longwalls that were mined in the period of 2011 to 2016 and 194 longwalls

scheduled for exploitation in the years 2017 to 2021.

Correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationships between nuisance and the operating costs

of longwalls. The analysis revealed a strong correlation between the level of nuisance and the operating

costs of the longwalls under study. The design of the longwall schedule should therefore also take into

account the nuisance arising from the geological and mining conditions of the operations. Selective

operations management allows for the optimization of costs for mining in underground mines using the

longwall system. This knowledge can also be used to reduce the total operating costs of mines as a result

of abandoning the mining operations in entire longwalls or portions of longwalls that may be permanently

unprofitable. Currently, underground mines do not employ this optimization method, which even more

emphasizes the need for popularizing this approach.


Committee of Mining PAS




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 0860-7001