Details

Title

Relations Between Mn Concentration and Yield, Nutrient, Water Status, and Gas Exchange Parameters of Tomato

Journal title

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

Yearbook

2014

Numer

No 2

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze

Abstract

Abstract Nutrition is one of the most important factors influencing quantitative and qualitative plant yield. This study examined the effect of manganese (Mn) in nutrient solution on photosynthetic activity parameters, and the relations between photosynthetic activity parameters, yield and plant nutrient status in tomato (Solanum lycoper-sicum L.). Mn supplementation significantly modified the nutrient content of leaves. Macronutrient content var-ied less than micronutrient content. The optimal Mn concentration differed between the studied cultivars. Both Mn deficit and Mn excess caused a decrease of tomato yield. Gas exchange parameters, relative water content (RWC) and specific leaf area (SLA) were measured in fully expanded tomato leaves. Certain levels of Mn were found to be needed for proper plant function and future yield, and toxic effects of excess Mn were noted. Changes in PN (net photosynthetic rate) were found to be the first signal of plant response to higher Mn supply, while yield was as for optimal Mn concentrations. Under Mn treatment, uptake of some nutrients increased. A higher level of absorbed Mg led to a higher photosynthesis rate and increased stomatal opening. PN and gs (stomatal con-ductance) also increased, while Ci (intercellular CO2 concentration) decreased, indicating proper CO2 consumption during the assimilation process.

Publisher

Biological Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences – Cracow Branch

Date

2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]

Identifier

eISSN 1898-0295 ; ISSN 0001-5296

DOI

10.2478/abcsb-2014-0030

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