Tytuł artykułu

Surface Waxes as a Plant Defense Barrier Towards Grain Aphid

Tytuł czasopisma

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica




No 1

Autorzy publikacji

Wydział PAN

Nauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze


<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>The electrical penetration graph (EPG) method was used to quantify the effect of surface waxes on probing behaviour of the grain aphid <jats:italic>Sitobion avenae</jats:italic> F. (Hemiptera: Aphididae). The experiments showed that wax removal significantly affected probing behaviour of <jats:italic>S. avenae</jats:italic>. Generally, the aphids feeding on the plants without wax had a shortened non-probing (EPG-pattern np) and prolonged penetration of peripheral tissues – epidermis and mesophyll (EPG-pattern C). The EPG tests also showed that the three tested extracts of surface waxes from waxy plants RAH 122 were active as aphicides against the grain aphid.</jats:p>


Biological Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences – Cracow Branch


2015[2015.01.01 AD - 2015.12.31 AD]


eISSN 1898-0295 ; ISSN 0001-5296


ToshCR (2003), Reproductive response of generalist and specialist aphid morphs with the same genotype to plant secondary compounds and amino acids, Journal of Insect Physiology, 49, 1173, ; MüllerC (2005), Plant surface properties in chemical ecology, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 31, 2621, ; RapleyLP (2004), Susceptibility ofEucalyptus globulusto Mnesampela privata defoliation in relation to a specific foliar wax compounds, Chemoecology, 14, 157. ; SchoonhovenLM (2005), Plant Chemistry : Endless Variety Oxford University Press Chap London UK, Insect Plant Biology and, 49. ; PowellG (1999), Aphid responses to non - host epicuticular lipids, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 91, 115, ; WayMJ (1965), An example of varietal variations in resistance of Brussels sprouts, Annals of Applied Biology, 56, 326, ; CidM (2010), Characterization of the probing and feeding behavior ofPlanococcus citri on Grapevine, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 103, 404, ; PowellG (2001), A potent , morph - specific parturition stimulant in the overwintering host plant of the black bean aphid , Aphis fabae, Physiological Entomology, 26, 194, ; NwanzeKF (1992), Resistance in sorghum to the shoot fly , Atherigona socata : Epicuticular wax and wetness of the central whorl leaf of young seedlings, Annals of Applied Biology, 120, 373, ; TjallingiiWF (1994), Sieve element acceptance by aphids, European Journal of Entomology, 91, 47. ; WójcickaA (2010), Cereal phenolic compounds as biopesticides of cereal aphids, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 19, 1337. ; KimJH (2007), Myzus persicae ( green peach aphid ) feeding onArabidopsisinduces the formation of a deterrent indole glucosinolate, Plant Journal, 49, 1008, ; CaillaudCM (2000), Specialised feeding behaviour influences both ecological specialisation and assortative mating in sympatric host races of pea aphids, American Naturalist, 156, 606, ; TroncosoAJ (2005), Host selection by the generalist aphidMyzus persicae and its subspecies specialized on tobacco , after being reared on the same host of Entomology, Bulletin Research, 95, 23. ; LahtinenM (2006), Effect if increased contact of leaf surface flavonoids on the performance of mountain birch feeding sawflies vary for early and late season species, Chemoecology, 16, 159, ; YinY (2011), Chemical composition and antifungal activity of cuticular wax isolated from Asian pear fruit ( cv, Scientia Horticulturae, 129, 577, ; ZhangJY (2007), Heterologous expression of twoMedicago truncatulaputative ERF transcription factor genes WXP in Arabidopsis led to increased leaf wax accumulation and improved drought tolerance , but differential response in freezing tolerance, Plant Molecular Biology, 64, 265, ; LeiH (1997), andvanLenterenJC Effect of tethering during EPG recorded probing by adults of the greenhouse whitefly, Journal of Applied Entomology, 121, 211, ; SupapvanichS (2011), Physicochemical changes in fresh - cut wax apple ( Syzygium samarangenese ) during storage, Food Chemistry, 127, 912, ; GabryśB (2002), The role of sinigrin in host recognition by aphids during initial plant penetration, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 104, 89, ; WójcickaA (2013), Importance of epicuticular wax cover for plant / insect interactions : experiment with cereal aphids, Polish Journal of Ecology, 61, 183. ; JonesTH (2002), Genetic resistance ofEucalyptus globulusto autumn gum moth defoliation and role of cuticular waxes, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32, 1961, ; WoodheadS (1983), Surface chemistry ofSorghum bicolorand its importance in feeding byLocusta migratoria, Physiological Entomology, 8, 345, ; LoweHJB (1985), Non - glaucousness , a probable aphid - resistance character of wheat, Annals of Applied Biology, 106, 555, ; TjallingiiWF (1993), Host plant acceptance by aphids : an EPG analysis Bulletin IOBC for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants , West Palaearctic Regional Section, WPRS International Organization, 16, 173. ; BonnemainJL (2010), Aphids as biological models and agricultural pests, Comptes Rendus Biologies, 333. ; DelCampoML (2003), Recognition of host - specific chemical stimulants in two sympatric host races of the pea aphidAcyrthosiphon pisum, Ecological Entomology, 28, 405, ; StonerKA (1990), Glossy leaf wax and host - plant resistance to insects inBrassica oleraceaL under natural infestation, Environmental Entomology, 19, 730, ; EigenbrodeSD (2000), Potential of reduced - waxbloom oilseedBrassicafor insect pest resistance, Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 17, 53. ; ThompsonKF (1963), Resistance to the cabbage aphid ( Brevicoryne brassicae ) inBrassicaplants, Nature, 198. ; ÖstrandF (2008), Causes and consequences of host expansion byMnesamela privata, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 34, 153, ; WójcickaA (2014), Changes in pigment content of triticale genotypes infested with grain aphidSitobion avenae Cracoviensia ser, Acta Biologica Botanica, 121, ; MukhtarA (2014), Non - invasive assessment of glossiness and polishing of the wax bloom of European plum, Postharvest Biology and Technology, 87, 144, ; PolletierY (2009), Effect of manipulations on the host selection behavior ofSitobion avenae, Journal of Insect Behavior, 22, 165, ; HalińskiŁP (2012), The chemical composition of cuticular waxes from leaves of the gboma eggplant ( Solanum macrocarponL, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 25, 74, ; SarkarN (2013), Long - chain alkanes : allelochemicals for host location by the insect pest , Epilachna dodecastigma, Applied Entomology and Zoology, 48, 171, ; TsumukiH (1989), Leaf surface wax as a possible resistance factor of barley to cereal aphids, Applied Entomology and Zoology, 24, 295. ; BuschhausC (2011), Composition differences between epicuticular and intracuticular wax substructures : How do plants seal their epidermal surfaces, Journal of Experimental Botany, 62, 841, ; BrennanEB (2001), Stylet penetration and survival of three psyllid species on adult leaves and waxy and de - waxed juvenile leaves ofEucalyptus globulus, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 100, 355, ; StädlerE (2009), Glucosinolates on the leaf surface perceived by insect herbivores : review of ambiguous results and new investigations, Phytochemistry Reviews, 8, 207, ; EigenbrodeSD (1995), Effects of plant epicuticular lipids on insect herbivores, Annual Review of Entomology, 40, 171, ; LeiH (2001), Effects of plant tissue factors on the acceptance of four greenhouse vegetable host plants by the greenhouse whitefly : an Electrical Penetration Graph EPG ) study, European Journal of Entomology, 98, 31, ; ShepherdT (1999), Epicuticular wax ester and triacyloglycerol composition in relation to aphid infestation and resistance in red raspberry ( Rubus idaeusL, Phytochemistry, 52, 1255, ; FosterSP (1992), Foliar chemicals of wheat and related grasses influencing oviposition by Hessian fly , Mayetiola destructor, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18, 1965, ; TakemuraM (2006), Feeding responses of an oligophagous bean aphid , Megoura crassicauda , to primary and secondary substances inVicia angustifolia, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 121, 51, ; PescodKV (2007), Aphid responses to plant with genetically manipulated phloem nutrient levels, Physiological Entomology, 32, 253, ; WiśniewskaSK (2003), Surface properties of barley straw Colloids and surfaces, Biointerfaces, 29, 131, ; EspelieKE (1991), Plant and insect cuticular lipids serve as behavioral cues for insects, Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 17, 223, ; PradoE (1997), Effects of previous plant infestation on sieve element acceptance by two aphids, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 82, 189, ; RostásM (2008), Plant surface wax affects parasitoid s response to host footprints, Naturwissenschaften, 95, 997, ; NiX (1998), Influence of cereal leaf epicuticular wax onDiuraphis noxiaprobing behavior and nymphosition, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 89, 111, ; SauvionN (2004), Effects of jackbean lectin ConA ) on the feeding behaviour and kinetics of intoxication of the pea aphid , Acyrthosiphon pisum, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 110, 31, ; NamKJ (2012), Host acceptance by aphids : Probing and larviposition behaviour of the bird cherryoat , Rhopalosiphum padion host and non - host plants, Journal of Insect Physiology, 58, 660, ; SandanayakaWRM (2013), EPG technique as a tool to reveal host plant acceptance by xylem sap - feeding insects, Journal of Applied Entomology, 137, 519, ; WisuthiphaetN (2014), Non - destructive detection of the wax bloom on European plum during post - harvest handling, Journal of Food Enginering, 140, 46, ; WoodheadS (1988), The effect of plant surface characteristics on resistance of rice to the brown planthopper , Nilaparvata lugens, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 47, 15,