Design and experimentation of a self-tuning PID control applied to the 3DOF helicopter

Journal title

Archives of Control Sciences




No 3

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


Archives of Control Sciences welcomes for consideration papers on topics of significance in broadly understood control science and related areas, including: basic control theory, optimal control, optimization methods, control of complex systems, mathematical modeling of dynamic and control systems, expert and decision support systems and diverse methods of knowledge modelling and representing uncertainty (by stochastic, set-valued, fuzzy or rough set methods, etc.), robotics and flexible manufacturing systems. Related areas that are covered include information technology, parallel and distributed computations, neural networks and mathematical biomedicine, mathematical economics, applied game theory, financial engineering, business informatics and other similar fields.

Aims and Scope: Archives of Control Sciences publishes papers in the broadly understood field of control science and related areas while promoting the closer integration of the Polish, as well as other Central and East European scientific communities with the international world of science.


Abstract The paper presents design and experimental validation of a stable self-tuning PID controller for three degrees of freedom (3-DOF) helicopter. At first, it is proposed a self-tuned proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for a class of uncertain second order multiinput multi-output nonlinear dynamic systems to which the 3-DOF helicopter dynamic model belongs. Within this scheme, the PID controller is employed to approximate unknown ideal controller that can achieve control objectives. PID controller gains are the adjustable parameters and they are updated online with a stable adaptation mechanism designed to minimize the error between the unknown ideal controller and the used by PID controller. The stability analysis of the closed-loop system is performed using Lyapunov approach. It is proven that all signals in the closed-loop system are uniformly ultimately bounded. The proposed approach can be regarded as a simple and effective model-free control since the mathematical model of the system is assumed unknown. Experimental results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed controller.


Committee of Automatic Control and Robotics PAS




ISSN 1230-2384