Tytuł artykułu

Unburned carbon in the circulating fluidised bed boiler fly ash

Tytuł czasopisma

Chemical and Process Engineering




No 4 December

Autorzy publikacji

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne


Polish Academy of Sciences Committee of Chemical and Process Engineering




ISSN 0208-6425


Anthony E. (2007), Reactivation of limestone sorbents in FBC for SO<sub>2</sub>capture, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci, 33, 171, ; Batra V. (2008), Characterization of unburned carbon in bagasse fly ash, Fuel, 87, 2972, ; Bis Z. (2004), Methodology to determine the concentration of unburnables and unburned carbon in fluidized bed boiler fly ashes. ; Brown R. (1995), Systematic errors in the use of loss-on-ignition to measure unburned carbon in fly ash, Fuel, 74, 570, ; Dong N., 2011. Utilisation of low rank coals. <i>IEA Report, CCC/182.</i> ; Fan M. (2001), Comparison of the loss-on-ignition and thermogravimetric analysis techniques in measuring unburned carbon in coal fly ash, Energy Fuels, 15, 1414, ; Hower J. (2010), Mercury capture by native fly ash carbons in coal-fired power plants, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci, 36, 510, ; KobyŁecki R. (2005), Large-scale CFB boiler with different cyclone separation efficiencies - Operational experiences and analysis, null, 978. ; Kobyłecki R. (2008), Unburnts in large-scale CFBC fly ashes - effect of fuel type and bed hydrodynamics, null, 523. ; Kobyłecki R. (2010), 460MW<sub>e</sub>supercritical once-through two-phase CFB boiler - First operational experiences, null, 85. ; Kulaots I. (2004), Size distribution of unburned carbon in coal fly ash and its implications, Fuel, 83, 223, ; Lee J.-M. (2003), Evaluation of the 200MWe Tonghae CFB boiler performance with cyclone modification, Energy, 28, 575, ; Li H. (1997), Studies of fly ash using thermal analysis techniques, J. Therm. Anal, 49, 943, ; Liu H. (2010), Microwave attenuation characteristics of unburned carbon in fly ash, Fuel, 89, 3352, ; Paya J. (1998), Thermogravimetric methods for determinimg carbon content in fly ashes, Cement Concr. Res, 28, 675, ; Scott D., Nilsson P.-A., 1999. Competitiveness of future coal fired unites in different countries. <i>IEA Report, CCC/14.</i> ; Smith I., Nalbandian H., 2000. Industrial coal use - prospects for emissions reduction. <i>IEA Report, CCC/38.</i> ; Styszko-Grochowiak K. (2004), Characterization of the coal fly ash for the purpose of improvement of industrial on-line measurement of unburned carbon content, Fuel, 83, 1847, ; Tang M.-S. (1999), Operating experience of 75t/h two stage circulating fluidized bed boiler, null, 35. ; Wang Z. (2010), Startup, commissioning and operation of Fenyi 100MW CFB boiler, null, 137, ; Waller D. (1996), Photoacoustic response of unburned carbon in fly ash to infrared radiation, Fuel, 75, 1568,