A study of performance and emissions of SI engine with a two-stage combustion system

Journal title

Chemical and Process Engineering




No 4 December

Publication authors

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne

Instructions for authors [EN]

<p>All manuscripts submitted for publication in Chemical and Process Engineering must comprise a description of original research that has neither been published nor submitted for publication elsewhere.</p> <p>The content, aim and scope of the proposals should comply with the main subject of the journal, i.e. they should deal with mathematical modelling and/or experimental investigations on momentum, heat and mass transfer, unit processes and operations, integrated processes, biochemical engineering, statics and kinetics of chemical reactions. The experiments and modelling may cover different scales and processes ranging from the molecular phenomena up to production systems. The journal language is grammatically correct British English.</p> <p>Chemical and Process Engineering publishes: i) full text research articles, ii) invited reviews, iii) letters to the editor and iv) short communications, aiming at important new results and/or applications. Each of the publication form is peer-reviewed by at least two independent referees. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Submission of materials for publication</strong></p> <p>The manuscripts are submitted for publication via Internet site <a href=""></a> and its subfolder Authors Pathway or e-mail address <a href=""></a>. When writing the manuscript, authors should preferably use the template for articles, which is available on the <a href=""></a> page in section Instructions for Authors.&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Proposals of a paper should be uploaded using the Internet site of the journal and should contain:</p> <ul> <li>a manuscript file in Word format (*.doc, *.docx),</li> <li>the manuscript mirror in PDF format,</li> <li>all graphical figuresin separate graphics files.</li> </ul> <ul> </ul> <p>In the following paragraphthe general guidelines for the manuscript preparation are presented.</p> <p><strong>Manuscript outline</strong></p> <ol> <ol> <ol> <ol> <li><strong>Header details</strong> <ol style="list-style-type: lower-alpha;"> <li>Title of paper</li> <li>Names (first name and further initials) and surnames of authors</li> <li>Institution(s) (affiliation)</li> <li>Address(es) of authors</li> <li>Information about the corresponding author; academic title, name and surname, email address, address for correspondence</li> </ol> </li> <li><strong>Abstract</strong> – should contain a short summary of the proposed paper. In the maximum of 200 words the authors should present the main assumptions, results and conclusions drawn from the presented study.</li> <li><strong>Keywords</strong>– Up to 5 characteristic keyword items should be provided.</li> <li><strong>Text</strong> <ol style="list-style-type: lower-alpha;"> <li>Introduction. In this part, description of motivation for the study and formulation of the scientific problem should be included and supported by a concise review of recent literature.</li> <li>Main text. It should contain all important elements of the scientific investigations, such as presentation of experimental rigs, mathematical models, results and their discussion. This part may be divided into subchapters.</li> <li>Conclusions. The major conclusions can be put forward in concise style in a separate chapter. Presentation of conclusions from the reported research work accompanied by a short commentary is also acceptable.</li> Figures: drawings, diagrams and photographs can be in colour and should be located in appropriate places in the manuscript text according to the template provided on the <a href=""></a> page. Their graphical form should be of vector or raster type with the minimum resolution of 900 dpi. In addition, separate files containing each of the drawings, graphs and photos should be uploaded onto the journal Web site in one of the following formats: bmp, gif, tiff, jpg, eps. Due to rigid editorial reasons, graphical elements created within MS Word and Excel are not acceptable. The final length of figures should be intended typically for 8 cm (single column) or 16 cm in special cases of rich-detail figures. The basic font size of letters in figures should be at least 10 pts after adjusting graphs to the final length. &nbsp; </ol> <p>Figures: drawings, diagrams and photographs should be in gray scale. In case of coloured graphs or photo an additional payment of 300 PLN (72 €) per 1 page containing coloured figures on both sides, or 150 PLN (36 €) per page containing coloured figures on one side will be required.</p> Tables should be made according to the format shown in the template.</li> <br> All figures and tables should be numbered and provided with appropriate title and legend, if necessary. They have to be properly referenced to and commented in the text of the manuscript.<br> <br> <li><strong>List of symbols </strong>should be accompanied by their units</li> <li><strong>Acknowledgements</strong> may be included before the list of literature references</li> <li><strong>Literature citations</strong></li> </ol> </ol> </ol> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The method of quoting literature source in the manuscript depends on the number of its authors:</p> <ul> <li>single author – their surname and year of publication should be given, e.g. Marquardt (1996) or (Marquardt, 1996),</li> <li>two authors – the two surnames separated by the conjunction “and” with the publication year should be given, e.g. Charpentier and McKenna (2004) or (Charpentier and McKenna, 2004),</li> <li>three and more authors – the surname of the first author followed by the abbreviation “et al.” and year of publication should be given, e.g. Bird et al. (1960) or (Bird et al., 1960).</li> </ul> <p>In the case of citing more sources in one bracket, they should be listed in alphabetical order using semicolon for separation, e.g. (Bird et al., 1960; Charpentier and McKenna, 2004; Marquardt, 1996). Should more citations of the same author(s) and year appear in the manuscript then letters “a, b, c, ...” should be successively applied after the publication year.</p> <p>Bibliographic data of the quoted literature should be arranged at the end of the manuscript text in alphabetic order of surnames of the first author. It is obligatory to indicate the DOI number of those literature items, which have the numbers already assigned. Journal titles should be specified by typingtheir right abbreviationsor, in case of doubts, according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations available at <a href=""></a></p> <p><strong>Examples of citation for:</strong></p> <p><strong>Articles</strong><br> Charpentier J. C., McKenna T. F., 2004.Managing complex systems: some trends for the future of chemical and process engineering. Chem. Eng. Sci., 59, 1617-1640. DOI: <a target="_blank" href="">10.1016/j.ces.2004.01.044</a>.</p> <p><strong>Information from books</strong> (we suggest adding the page numbers where the quoted information can be found)<br> Bird R. B., Stewart W.E., Lightfood E.N., 2002. Transport Phenomena. 2nd edition, Wiley, New York, 415-421.</p> <p><strong>Chapters in books</strong><br> Hanjalić K., Jakirlić S., 2002. Second-moment turbulence closure modelling, In: Launder B.E., Sandham N.D. (Eds.), Closure strategies for turbulent and transitional flows. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 47-101.</p> <p><strong>Conferences</strong><br> ten Cate A., Bermingham S.K., Derksen J.J., Kramer H.M.J., 2000. Compartmental modeling of an 1100L DTB crystallizer based on Large Eddy flow simulation. 10th European Conference on Mixing. Delft, the Netherlands, 2-5 July 2000, 255-264.</p> <p><strong>8. Payments </strong></p> <p>Starting from 2014 a principle of publishing articles against payment is introduced, assuming non-profit making editorial office. According to the principle authors or institutions employing them, will have to cover the expenses amounting to 40 PLN (or 10 €) per printed page. The above amount will be used to supplement the limited financial means received from the Polish Academy of Sciences for the editorial and publishing; and in particular to increase the capacity of the next CPE volumes and to proofread the linguistic correctness of the articles. The method of payment will be indicated in an invoice sent to the authors or institutions after acceptance of their manuscripts to be published. In justifiable cases presented in writing, the editorial staff may decide to relieve authors from basic payment, either partially or fully. All correspondence should be sent to Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Andrzej K. Biń, email address: <a href=""></a>.</p> <br> </body>


Polish Academy of Sciences Committee of Chemical and Process Engineering




ISSN 0208-6425


Bernhardt M. (1976), Automotive air pollution. ; Bocian P. (2001), Study of ignition of a gaseous fuel jet in a dual chamber configuration, Journal of KONES. Combustion Engines, 8, 172. ; Charlton S. (1990), Computer modelling and experimental investigation of a lean burn natural gas engine, SAE Paper, 900228, 536, ; Cupiał K. (2002), SILNIK - version 2001.5 - program for develop the indicator diagram. ; Cupiał K., Jamrozik A., Kociszewski A., 2003. Comparison of Gas Engines with Different Combustion Systems. <i>Erste Internationale Fachthemenkonferenz Gasmotoren, MOTORTECH GmbH</i>, Celle 2003 (in German). ; Cupiał K. (2002), Single and two-stage combustion system in the SI test engine, Journal of KONES. Internal Combustion Engines, 9, 67. ; Diesel & gas turbine 2003. <i>Worldwide catalog, 68<sup>th</sup> Annual product & buyer's guide for engine power markets</i>. ; Endo H. (2001), Development of the lean burn Miller cycle gas engine, null, 374. ; French C. (1990), Alternative engines - interest or a real alternative, Auto - Technika motoryzacyjna, 10, 4. ; Gmurczyk G., Leżański T., Kesler M., Chomiak T, Rychter T., Wolański P., 1992. Research of the new pulsed jet combustion for piston engines. <i>Kones'92</i>, Wrocław-Szklarska Poręba, 143-159 (in Polish). ; Gruca M. (2001), LCTXR - program for digital recording and analysis of the frequency signals. ; Gussak L.A., 1966. Method of prechamber torch ignition in internal combustion engines. <i>U.S. Patent No.</i> 3.230.939. ; Gussak L.A., Evart G.V., Ribiński D.A., 1963. Carburetor type internal combustion engine with prechamber. <i>U.S. Patent No.</i> 3.092.088. ; Heywood J. (1988), Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. ; <a target="_blank" href=''></a> ; Jamrozik A., 2004. Creation and combustion of heterogeneous burn mixtures in spark ignition engines. <i>PhD thesis, Czestochowa University of Technology</i> (in Polish). ; Janicki P. (2000), Production and development of gas engines in the H. Cegielski - FSA, V Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa - Silniki Gazowe 2000, 179. ; Jarnicki R. (2001), Theoretical analysis of ignitron of a gas fuel jet with the use o fan ignition chamber, Journal of KONES. Combustion Engines, 8, 287. ; Jeffery M. (1988), Design and development of the Waukesha AT25GL series gas engine, null, 1. ; Kesler M. (1993), Pulsed jet combustion (PJC) system - theoretical analysis and engine research, 521. ; Kowalewicz A. (1980), Combustion systems of the high speed internal combustion engines. ; Kowalewicz A. (1999), Chosen aspects of feeding in SI engines with poor gasoline-air mixtures, Journal of KONES, 6, 156. ; Leżański T., Kesler M., Rychter T., Teodorczyk A., Wolański P., 1993. Performance of pulsed jet combustion (PJC) system in a research engine. <i>SAE Paper</i>, 932709. DOI:10.4271/932709. ; Mooser D., 2003. CAT Gas Engines, KEC Kiel Engine Center. CATERPILLAR medium speed gasmotor, Entwicklung & Betriebserfahrung, <i>Erste Internationale Fachthemenkonferenz Gasmotoren, MOTORTECH GmbH</i>, Celle 2003. ; Noguchi M., Sanda S., Nakamura N., 1976. Development of Toyota lean burn engine. <i>SAE Paper,</i> 760757, 2358-2373. DOI: 10.4271/760757. ; Oppenheim A.K., Stewart H.E., Hom K., 1990. Pulsed jet combustion generator for premixed charge engines. <i>U.S. Patent No.</i> 4.926.818. ; Oppenheim A. (1978), Jet ignition of an ultra-lean mixture, 87, 2416, ; Robinet C., Higelin P., Moreau B., Pajot O., Andrzejewski J., 1999. A new firing concept for internal combustion engines: "I'APIR". <i>SAE Paper</i>, 1999-01-0621, 973-988. DOI: 10.4271/1999-01-0621. ; Roethlisberger R. (2003), Investigation of the prechamber geometrical configuration of a natural gas spark ignition engine for cogeneration: part I. Numerical simulation, Int. J. Thermal Sci, 42, 223, ; Roethlisberger R. (2003), Investigation of the prechamber geometrical configuration of a natural gas spark ignition engine for cogeneration: part II. Experimentation, Int. J. Thermal Sci, 42, 239, ; Sendyka B. (2005), Determination of general efficiency of spark ignition engine with stratified charge with direct fuel injection, Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines, 12, 1. ; Stenhede T. (null), Combined heat and power solutions of Wärtsilä, 2003, null, 645. ; Wolański P, Dabkowski A., Przastek J. 1997. Influence of PJC ignition on efficiency and emission of ICE engine operating at partial and full load. <i>SAE Paper</i>, 972871. DOI: DOI: 10.4271/972871. ; Wolański P. (1996), Dynamics of exothermicity, 131.